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STAAR Facts Test 1

QuestionAnswer
Jamestown 1607; first permanent English colony in North America
Virginia House of Burgesses the first representative assembly of elected representatives in North America.
Mayflower Compact 1620, first document with form of self- government in North America
Geography of New England colonies rocky, rivers, harbors, forests, cold,
Industry (jobs) of New England colonies ship building, fishing, trading, commerce, whaling, small farming.
Roger Williams man kicked out of Massachusetts Bay, founded Rhode Island for religious freedom
Anne Hutchinson woman kicked out of Massachusetts Bay, founded Rhode Island for religious freedom
Thomas Hooker Minister who leaves Massachusetts to settle Hartford, Connecticut for religious freedom, helped frame the FOC
Fundamental Orders of Connecicut first written constitution in the colonies. Example of a representative government.
What was the Geography of the Middle Colonies like? moderate weather, rich soil, small farms
What was the Economy of the Middle Colonies like? "breadbasket" colonies, grew grains for the colonies, ironworks
William Penn A wealthy Quaker who founded Pennsylvania
What is the geography of the Southern colonies like? rich fertile soil, long growing seasons, hot
Georgia colony founded by James Oglethorpe for debtors
Maryland colony founded for Catholics
First Great Awakening religious movement of the 1700s that emphasized the importance of reading the Bible and religious feelings
Mercantilism an economic system to increase a nation''s wealth by sending natural resources from colonies to the mother country.
Triangular Trade trade between England, the Americas, and Africa in which slaves, rum, and manufactured products were exchanged
Samuel Adams Leader of the Sons of Liberty and Patriot who established the committees of correspondence in Boston & is thought to have planned the Boston Tea Party
George Washington Commander in Chief of the Continental Army, President of the Constitutional Convention and first President of the United States.
Bernardo de Galvez Spanish military leader who held off British in New Orleans, but allowed Americans the use of the port
Marquis de Lafayette French noble who served under George Washington in the American Revolution and helped train the American troops
Thomas Paine Author of the revolutionary pamphlet, Common Sense and The American Crisis, urged Americans to support the Patriot cause
John Paul Jones Founder of the US Navy, Continental navy commander and privateer known for yelling "I have not yet begun to fight"
Benjamin Franklin Author, printer, inventor, scientist, and colonial ambassador to France during the American Revolution
Abigail Adams Wife of John Adams, known for her stance on women's rights
Mercy Otis Warren Patriot writer that supported independence and convinced others to join the cause. First woman historian of the Americans Revolution, published plays, books, and poetry.
Wentworth Cheswell Educated African American Patriot, made the same midnight ride as Paul Revere warning that the British were coming.
James Armistead African American spy during the American Revolution. Spied on British General Cornwallis' camp
Crispus Attucks African American, First person killed in the Boston Massacre, martyr of the American Revolution
Haym Salomon Polish Jew who spied for Americans and was held as a translator for the Germans by the British, helped finance the Revolution
Proclamation of 1763 Closed off the region west of the Appalachian mountains to colonial settlement
French and Indian War war between England and France over land in North America.
Quartering Act Law requiring colonists to provide housing and supplies to British soldiers.
Stamp Act Act which places a tax on almost all printed materials.
Boston Tea Party led by the Sons of Liberty, destroyed cases of tea into Boston harbor
Boycott Organized campaign to refuse to buy certain products.
Intolerable (Coercive) Acts act passed as punishment for the Boston Tea Party (cancelled town meetings, closed the port of Boston)
Boston Massacre British soldiers fire on mob and kill 5 colonists
Date for the DOI July 4, 1776
unalienable rights life, liberty, pursuit of happiness
unalienable rights (definition) rights given to you at birth that cannot be taken away
Battle of Lexington and Concord first shots of the American Revolution, "shot heard round the world"
Valley Forge winter camp where Washington's men die of cold, starvation , and disease.
Battle of Saratoga turning point in the American Revolution, France joins the American side after this battle
Battle of Yorktown last battle of the American Revolution, helped by the French navy
Treaty of Paris 1783 Agreement that ended the American Revolutionary War
*Religion (God) *Wealth (Gold) *Fame and International recognition (Glory) Reasons for European exploration
Thomas Jefferson author of the Declaration of Independence
French Which colonizing nation established a good relationship with the Natives and came to the Americas in search of furs to trade?
Created by: sealek