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Middle Ages Vocab

TermDefinition
Feudalism
"Caste" System Middle Ages had a rigid class structure with the King on top, nobility, knights, peasants, and finally serfs.
Nobles Landed gentry such as Dukes and Barons that were given manors in exchange for providing protection in the form of castles and knights back to the King.
Knights part of the warrior class that exchanged protection services for payment, shelter, and food
Peasants the lower class that worked the land for the nobles and gave a portion of their crops to noble in exchange for protection
Serfs the lower labor class that works on the manor in exchange for protection, this group actually conveys with the manor which severely restricted their freedoms
Manor the castle and the surrounding lands
Magna Carta document signed in 1215 that limits the rights of the English monarch
Black Death/ Black Plague the bubonic plague that originated in china and was carried by fleas on rats to Europe where it killed 1/4 - 1/2 of the population
Medieval describes the period of the Middle Ages from 500 - 1200 ad in Europe
Charlemagne the best known Frankish king ever the holy Roman Empire. known for his stance on education
Vikings germanic people from Scandinavia who often raided Western Europe on longships during the ad 800s and 900s due to a growing population and poor farmland
Monastery a building where religious monks lived and worked. Convent is the female version of nuns
Crusades a series of christian military expeditions from 11th - 13th centuries to recapture the holy land from the muslims
Sacred religious
Secular not religious
Page the 1st step of knighthood, about age 7
Squire the 2nd step of knighthood, about age 14
Chivalry a code of behavior for a knight including fairness and respect for a woman
Created by: idarrow326