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TCAP 7-Post-CivilWar

Reconstruction (Post-Civil War)

TermDefinition
Reconstruction the process of rebuilding the Southern economy and society, as well as readmitting the Southern states back into the Union
Ten Percent Plan: Part 1 offered Southerner’s amnesty, or official pardon, for all the illegal acts supporting the rebellion; Southerners had to swear an oath of loyalty to the US and agree that slavery was illegal
Ten Percent Plan: Part 2 When 10% of voters in a state made these pledges, they could form a new government
Freedman's Bureau federal agency that set up schools and hospitals for African Americans; provided clothing, food, and fuel throughout the South
John Wilkes Booth assassinated Lincoln while he watched a play at Ford’s Theater in Washington D.C.
Andrew Johnson Tennessean who was Lincoln's Vice-President & became President following Lincoln's assassination
black codes laws passed by Southern states that limited the freedom of former slaves
Civil Rights Act of 1866 stated all persons born in the US (except Native Americans) were citizens & entitled to equal rights regardless of their race
impeachment when Congress charges the president of abusing the power of the office; it is part of checks and balances between the legislative and executive branches
Radical Republicans believed Congress should oversee the policies that would remake the South; demanded full and equal citizenship for African Americans
Ku Klux Klan angered that African American men were allowed to vote, they used violence to intimidate black voters in order to keep former slaves powerless
vigilante justice KKK members accused former slaves of supposed crimes, with sentences carried out on the spot that included beatings, burning of homes, and lynching
Carpetbaggers term used by Southerners for the white Northerners who moved to the South and served as Republican leaders during Reconstruction; many were members of the Freedmen's Bureau who wanted to reshape Southern society
Scalawags term that former Confederates used for the white Southerners who opposed secession and supported Republican efforts during Reconstruction
Compromise of 1877 following a disputed presidential election, Congressional leaders struck a deal with the South to accept the election of Rutherford B. Hayes in return for the ending of the federal government's Reconstruction efforts
Tennessee Constitution of 1870 the third state constitution for TN and the one that is still in use today; gave African Americans and former Confederate soldiers the right to vote in state elections
poll tax effectively eliminated the ability of African Americans to vote in TN, even though the TN Constitution of 1870 had protected their right to do so
veto when the president refuses to allow a bill passed by Congress to become a law; part of a president's ability to check the power of Congress
override when Congress votes by a 2/3 majority in both houses to stop a presidential veto so that a bill passed by Congress can become a law; part of Congress' ability to check the power of the president
Governor William Brownlow became governor of TN when Andrew Johnson became vice-president; stripped voting rights from former Confederate soldiers and gave all men, including African Americans, the right to vote in TN state elections
Created by: SDMS-Swain