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TCAP 5-Social Reform

Social Reform Movements in the Pre-Civil War Era

Irish immigration Many Irish immigrated to US after the potato famine left many families without food; suffered much discrimination from others and lived in poor conditions in Northern cities
Nativists Americans who opposed immigration and felt threatened by immigrant’s religion and culture; formed the Know-Nothing political party
tenements poorly designed apartment building that housed large number of immigrants
Second Great Awakening renewed interest in Christianity that led Americans to be interested in helping others thru various social reform movements
Temperance Movement urged men to stop drinking in order to take better care of their families
Common School Movement wanted all children taught in a common place, regardless of background; the beginning of public education
Horace Mann leader of Common School/Public Education movement; considered education "the great equalizer"
Seneca Falls Convention the first public meeting about women’s rights held in the United States
Declaration of Sentiments document that detailed beliefs about social injustice toward women (used the Declaration of Independence as its basis); detailed 18 ways that women were discriminated against
Abolitionist Movement worked to end slavery
William Lloyd Garrison started anti-slavery newspaper "The Liberator" and founded the American Anti-Slavery Society
Frederick Douglass escaped slave who learned how to read and write; one of the most important African American leaders; articulate speaker in the Abolitionist Movement
Sojourner Truth former slave who fought for abolition and the rights of women; (famous speech – "Ain’t I a Women?")
Harriet Tubman led slaves to safety through the Underground Railroad; known as "Moses;" no one was ever able to identify who she was
Underground Railroad not an actual railroad and not underground; it was a network of people who arranged transportation and hiding places for escaped slaves
Created by: SDMS-Swain