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TCAP 6-Civil War

Causes and Effects of the Civil War

TermDefinition
cotton kingdom King Cotton
spirituals slaves sang Christian songs while working in the fields that were often used as coded messages to communicate about escape, the arrival/departure of the overseer, etc.
Nat Turner's Rebellion the most violent slave revolt in the US (approx. 60 whites & 200 slaves murdered); resulted in increased slave codes
cotton gin made growing cotton more profitable & Increased the need for slaves as Southern cotton growing states expanded and increased cotton production
popular sovereignty political power belongs to the people; (Ex. people should decide whether a territory is slave or free)
Compromise of 1850 California became a free state, popular sovereignty would decide slavery in the rest of territories and a strong fugitive slave law would be enforced
Fugitive Slave Act made it crime to help runaway slaves; allowed accused runaway slaves to be arrested in free areas; deprived accused runaways of due process of law
Uncle Tom's Cabin antislavery novel written by Harriet Beecher Stowe that honestly depicted the cruelties of slavery; caused many to question the practice of slavery
Kansas-Nebraska Act plan that would divide the remainder of the Louisiana Purchase into two territories and allow the people in each territory to vote on whether they should have slavery
John Brown's Raid led 5 men in a raid on a federal arsenal in Harpers Ferry, Virginia in the hopes of arming slaves and leading a rebellion
secession to formally withdraw from the Union
Confederate States of America Southern states that succeeded from Union; Jefferson Davis was elected president of the CSA
the Union states that remained in the US during the Civil War
the Confederacy Southern states that seceded from the Union
Fort Sumter first shots of the Civil War fired here, off the shore of South Carolina
First Battle of Bull Run first battle of Civil War; won by the South and shattered the North’s hopes of winning the war quickly
Battle of Shiloh key victory for Union in West Tennessee;
Battle of New Orleans gave the Union control of the lower Mississippi River, as well as New Orleans, one of one of the largest cities in the South; led by David Farragut
Battle of Antietam Union victory in the bloodiest one-day battle in US history; this victory paved the way for Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation
Siege of Vicksburg Grant cut off the city and bombed it with cannon fire repeatedly for 6 weeks; it ran out of food and surrendered; gave Union control of the entire Mississippi River
Battle of Gettysburg Union victory that was turning point of the Civil War; bloodiest 3 day battle in the history of the US
Pickett's Charge Confederate General Pickett ordered to lead a failed attack at Gettysburg on the 3rd day of the Battle of Gettysburg; resulted in with the loss of 7,500 Southern troops in the attempt
Sherman's March to the Sea Union soldiers marched thru every major city of the South destroying railroads., bridges, livestock, crops, plantations, factories, and freed slaves along the way.
total war plan to destroy the South’s railroad and industries. During his march he practiced total war, destroying civilian and economic resources. Destroyed railroads, bridges, livestock, crops, and burned plantations and freed slaves.
total war the practice of destroying the civilian and economic resources that supports the enemy
Emancipation Proclamation Lincoln freed slaves in the Confederate states. Impact more symbolic than real because Lincoln had no authority in Confederate states
Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia the town where Lee surrendered to Grant to end the Civil War
Gettysburg Address Lincoln’s speech in which he praised the bravery of Union soldiers and renewed his commitment to winning the Civil War.
54th Massachusetts Infantry African American regiment of Union soldiers; led a historic charge on Fort Wagner in South Carolina
habeas corpus Constitutional protection against unlawful imprisonment
13th Amendment made slavery illegal
14th Amendment granted citizenship and equal protection under the law to former slaves
15th Amendment gave black men the right to vote (suffrage for blacks)
Created by: SDMS-Swain