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Age of Science

Middle School

Idea that people should use reason, or logical thought, to understand the world Rationalism
Theory, developed by Aristotle, that Earth is at the center of the universe Geocentric Theory
Things combining well with each other to form a whole Harmony
The structure of a living thing Anatomy
Cutting open plants or animals to study and investigate their parts Dissection
Greek physician of the AD 100s who studied the anatomy of living things and learned that arteries are filled with blood, not air Galen
Muslim mathematician who developed algebra and whose work resulted in the Arabic number system still used today al-Khwarizmi
Jewish scholar from the AD 1300s who determined the stars were much farther away than previously believed Gersonides
Empire whose collapse in the mid-1400s caused many scholars to flee to Italy; their knowledge helped fuel the development of the Renaissance Byzantine Empire
Period beginning in the 1500s when European scholars questioned classical scientific ideas and Christian beliefs Scientific Revolution
Theory that the stars, Earth, and other planets revolve around the sun; means sun-centered Heliocentric
Isaac Newton's theory that a natural force drawing objects toward each other acts on all physical objects throughout the universe Universal Gravitation
Process that involves observing a subject, forming a hypothesis, testing the hypothesis, and drawing a conclusion Scientific Method
Polish astronomer who developed the theory that the stars, Earth, and other planets revolve around the sun Nicolaus Copernicus
Italian scientist of the 16th and 17th centuries whose work put him in conflict with the Roman Catholic Church Galileo
Instrument that measures the pressure of Earth's atmosphere Barometer
English politician and scientist who developed the scientific method and believed in using rational, organized thought in both science and government Sir Francis Bacon
Way of thinking based on the ideas of Descartes and Bacon that stated rational thought should be used to understand the world Scientific Rationalism
Period beginning in the 1500s when European scholars questioned classical scientific ideas and Christian beliefs Scientific Revolution
Dutch scientist who built microscope in 1670s, which magnified objects by 250 to 300 times, used to observe blood flow through capillaries Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Created by: j.randall



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