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WWII Glossary

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QuestionAnswer
Fascist dictator of Italy during WWII Benito Mussolini
Nazi dictator of Germany during WWII Adolf Hitler
Military leader of Japan during WWII Hideki Tojo
Powers include Germany, Italy, and Japan during WWII Axis Powers
A national leader who has total power and does not allow individual freedoms Dictator
Powers include U.S., Canada, Great Britain, the Soviet Union, and many other countries Allied Powers
Initials of the U.S. President during WWII F.D.R.
Became U.S. President at the end of WWII after F.D.R. died Harry S. Truman
Was the Prime Minister of Great Britain during WWII Winston Churchill
Communist dictator of the Soviet Union during WWII Joseph Stalin
Turning point battle of the war for the Allies in the Pacific Battle of Midway
Turning point battle of the war for the Allies in Europe Battle of Stalingrad
Strategy used bu the Allies to defeat Japan in the Pacific Island Hopping
Camps where the German government sent Jews, political prisoners, Poles, Gypsies, and others to die during the WWII Concentration camps
Name for the deaths of 6 million Jews and 5 million others at the hands of the German government during WWII Holocaust
Hatred of Jews Anti-semitism
Japanese-Americans were sent to there camps in the U.S. during WWII in the fear that they would be disloyal to the war effort Internment camps
Way Americans on the home front supported the war by conserving resources so they could be used instead to fight the war Rationing
U.S. plan, created by Secretary of State George C. Marshall, to rebuild Europe after WWII Marshall Plan
A world peacekeeping organization that was formed at the end of WWII, 1945. Formed to prevent future wars United Nations
Karl Marx political theory where all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs Communism
A government by the people; freedoms Democratic
A form of government in which total power is given to a dictator and individual freedoms are denied Fascism
Naval base in Hawaii in which the Japanese attacked on Dec. 7, 1941 and began direct involvement of the U.S. in WWII Pearl Harbor
The countries, territories, and regions of China, Hong Kong, Japan, North and South Korea, Macau, Mongolia, eastern parts of Russia, and Taiwan East Asia
When a nation does not take either side in a conflict Neutrality
Compensation demanded of a defeated nation by the victor in a war especially that demanded of Germany by the Treaty of Versailles after WWII Reparations
National policy of avoiding involvement in world affairs Isolationism
A turning point in WWII - allied troops landed in Normandy, France to begin liberation of Western Europe Normandy, France D-Day June 6, 1944
To be set free Liberation
Country east of Germany. Hitler invaded Sept. 1, 1939. Beginning of WWII Poland
A small island off the southeastern coast of the United States that was part of the Lend-Lease agreement between the U.S. and Great Britain during WWII Bermuda
Islands off the southeastern coast of Florida that were part of the Lend-Lease agreement between the U.S. and Great Britain during WWII Caribbean
An agreement between the U.S. and Great Britain. The U.S. gave war supplies to Great Britain in return for military bases in Bermuda and the Caribbean Lend-Lease Act
Two cities in Japan in which the U.S. dropped atomic bombs in 1945, forcing Japan to surrender and ending WWII Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Nations that border the Baltic Sea that were invaded bu the Soviet Union at the beginning of WWII Baltic Nations
Limited of scarce goods during wartime Rationing
One's homeland Home front
Character developed to encourage women to take factory jobs. Rosie the Riveter
Created by: amessick001