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Social Welfare

What is Labour Force? 15 yrs + who has worked or is looking for work
What is frictional unemployment? employees who move between jobs
What is cyclical unemployment? when workers are temporarily laid off
What is structural unemployment? unemployment for a variety of reasons (e.g. lacking skills, not in local area, unwilling to work for wage offered)
What are the 3 factors to unemployment? Economic, structural, policy
What are policy factors related to unemployment? things such inflation rates, deficit levels, international trade
What are economic factors related to unemployment? influenced by supply and demand for jobs, cost of production and productivity, industrial adjustments and technological changes
What are structural factors related to unemployment? the imbalance between skilled workers and demand for skilled workers; seasonal layoffs and frictional unemployment
What is employment insurance? temporary financial assistance to those who are unemployed
What is Workers compensation? compensation for workplace injuries and health-related risks
What are some examples of unemployment insurance? regular benefits; maternity/paternity & sickness benefits; compassionate care benefits; family supplement; fishing benefit
By what did the women's participation in the labour force increase between the years of 1961 and 1991? it more than doubled from 29% to almost 60%. Currently stands at 62%.
What percentage of Canadian children live in poverty? 14.5%
What does the Indian Act define? the requirements for determining who is status 'Indian' (Act, 1867)
What is the first Phase in the history of benefits for families with children? Recognition of family needs:- early legislation such as Orphans Act, Apprentice & Minors Act then the child tax exemption
What is the second Phase in the history of benefits for families with children? Universal benefits: family allowance act (baby bonus)
What is the third Phase in the history of benefits for families with children? Erosion and growing poverty: refundable child tax credit, implemented child care expense deductions
What is the fourth Phase in the history of benefits for families with children? Targeting poverty and work incentives: (current period) different benefits and supplements offered.
What challenges do new immigrant face? Language and accessing educational programs Difficulties finding suitable and affordable housing Racism, exclusion, discrimination Navigating health care and services
What are the Immigration Policy Reforms? are fundamental changes to the nature of Immigration based around who we select, the supports given, and how they become citizens.
Name the two approaches to children's social welfare. Family Responsibility Approach Investing in Children Approach
What group has the fastest population growth rate? Indigenous
What is the median age of the Indigenous population? 28 years old (13 years younger then the non-Indigenous population)
Name the first, middle, and last key themes from RCAP? Aboriginal nations have to be reconstituted There must be a fundamental reallocation of lands and resources There must be an acknowledgement of injustices of the past
Name two other key themes from RCAP? Economic development must be addressed if poverty, unemployment, and welfare are to change. A process must be established for the assumption of powers by Aboriginal nations.
Name three types stigma against disability? Stereotypes blaming the victim Ableism
What percentage of the population will be seniors in 2031? 20%
Name the three Pillars of the income security system for the elderly. Basic minimum income security allowances Social insurance benefits Private pensions and publicly regulated private savings plans
Name the three social changes involving seniors in canada? Improvement in health care long term decline in birth rate establishment of the retirement age
Human rights are for every body. true or false? True
Created by: Tori Brown1197
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