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TCAP 2-Constitution

Confederation to Constitution

TermDefinition
suffrage the right to vote
Articles of Confederation 1st American government; state governments much more powerful than the national government
Shay's Rebellion uprising of farmers over foreclosure on their farms that convinced people that the Articles of Confederation were too weak
Virginia Plan the # of representatives in Congress would be based on population; states with larger populations would have more power
New Jersey Plan the # of representatives in Congress would be equal for each state; this plan favored by the small states
Great (Connecticut) Compromise Senate would have equal representation from each state; House of Representatives would be based on population
census counting the population of the US every 10 years to to determine how many representatives each state has in the House of Reps.
Three-Fifths Compromise settled the issue of representation and taxation in the South; 3 out of 5 slaves would be counted for population and taxes to be paid by slaveholders
Federalism sharing of power between the national and state governments, resulting in a stronger federal (national) government than held under confederation
separation of powers dividing the power of the government into three branches that have distinct responsibilities
legislative branch branch that makes laws; called our Congress and is made up of two separate houses/parts
House of Representatives the number of representatives per state depends on the population of each state
Senate the number of representatives per state is the same/equal for all
executive branch branch that enforce/carryout the law and is headed by the President
judicial branch branch that interprets the law
checks and balances keeps any one branch from becoming too powerful; gives each branch the ability to stop one of the other branches from doing something they feel is not good for the country
Federalists supported the Constitution and federal system of government
Anti-Federalists opposed to the new Constitution and preferred to have the confederate system of government
Loose Construction the view that the actions of the federal government are not limited to what is stated in the Constitution as long as the action meets the "necessary and proper" test
Strict Construction the view that the federal government can only do those things which are specifically stated in the Constitution
Bill of Rights first 10 amendments to the Constitution; added to protect the rights of citizens
1st Amendment Freedom of religion, Assembly, Petition the Gov, the Press, and Speech (RAPPS)
2nd Amendment right to bear arms in order to form a militia
13th Amendment made slavery illegal in the US
14th Amendment granted citizenship and equal protection under the law to former slaves
15th Amendment black men given the right to vote (suffrage)
republic citizens elect representatives to make government decisions; indirect democracy
civic virtue the duties and responsibilities of being a US citizen: voting, obeying laws, paying taxes, serve on jury, etc.)
Created by: SDMS-Swain