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Chapter 18

The Second World War, 1939 - 45

Blitzkrieg lightning war - a military tactic used by the Germans during the early stages of WW II. It involved a period of heavy bombardment from the air followed by a rapid tank attack on the ground.
Phoney War refers to a period of calm in Europe following the defeat of Poland in September 1939 and the invasion of the western Europe in the spring of 1940.
Maginot a defensive line built by the French alongside their border with Germany
Vichy France a Nazi puppet state in southern France
Battle of Britain the battle for air supremacy between the RAF and the Luftwaffe during 1940 and 1941
The Blitz the heavy bombing of British cities during 1940 and 1941
Lend-Lease The arrangement for military materials to be provided by the Americans to the British during the war
Operation Barbarossa the code name given to Hitler's invasion of the Soviet Union
Scorched earth name given to the Red Army's policy of destroying anything that could be of use to the enemy as they retreated from the advancing German army in 1941
Operation Overlord code name given to the invasion of Normandy on D Day, 6 June 1944
Yalta Conference meeting held by the Allied leaders in 1945 to discuss the future of Europe once the war was over
United Nations an organisation established after World War II with the aim of keeping world peace
Created by: MsHCahillAbbeyCC