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TCAP 1-Colonial

Colonial Era thru American Revolution

TermDefinition
Virginia first permanent English colony located here
Jamestown first permanent English settlement in VA
indentured servants signed a contract to work a certain # of yrs to pay for their journey
tobacco cash crop that saved Jamestown
triangular trade trading across the Atlantic Ocean between Europe, Africa, and the British colonies
slave codes laws that slaves had to follow
Maryland founded for Catholics to escape religious persecution
Toleration Act passed in Maryland; protected religious freedom
Georgia last English colony; started for debtors; served as a buffer area between Spanish Florida
Puritans wanted to purify (reform) the Anglican Church
Pilgrims wanted to leave/separate from the Church of England; left England to avoid religious persecution
Mayflower Compact legal contract signed by Pilgrims; agreed to follow fair laws that protected the common good
New England economy based on fishing and shipbuilding; manufactured goods
New England education emphasized reading in order to understand the Bible
Middle Colonies Economy depended on staple crops like wheat barley, and oats
Pennsylvania founded by William Penn to provide freedom of religion for Quakers
Quakers believed in equality, religious tolerance, and non-violence
French & Indian War Britain and France fought for control of land in North America; Native Americans supported their trading partners; Britain won
Proclamation of 1763 law that prevented colonists from settling in the lands west of the Appalachian Mts.
"No Taxation Without Representation" slogan used in the 13 Colonies to express anger over taxes being raised without colonial representatives in Parliament
Sugar Act indirect tax on sugar & molasses; took away trial by jury for smugglers
Stamp Act tax on anything paper (legal docs, licenses, newspapers, etc.) First direct tax
Townshend Act tax on lead, glass, paint, paper & tea; colonists only allowed to purchase these products from Britain
Boston Massacre British soldiers shot and killed 5 colonists in self-defense; Sons of Liberty used event as propaganda to encourage colonists to support Patriot activities
propaganda an emotional distortion of the truth; used to promote negative feelings about a person or event
Tea Act gave the sale and distribution of tea to the British East India Trading Company; led to the Boston Tea Party
Boston Tea Party Sons of Liberty disguised themselves as Indians, dumped 340 chests of tea into the Boston Harbor in protest of the Tea Act
Coercive/Intolerable Acts British laws punishing Boston for the Tea Party; closed Boston Harbor to trade, colonial assembly cancelled, Quartering of British soldiers
House of Burgesses what Virginia called their colonial assembly
colonial assembly colonial representatives elected to make colonial laws
Patriots colonists who wanted to fight for independence
Loyalists colonists who wanted to stay a part of Britain
Minutemen local militia who trained to be the first called to fight against British soldiers
Redcoats what colonists called British soldiers because of their red military uniform
Midnight Ride of Paul Revere he rode through countryside outside of Boston to warn militiamen that the British soldiers were arriving
Battles of Lexington and Concord first fighting of the American Revolution as the British seized militia weapons; the "shot heard 'round the world"
Thomas Paine wrote Common Sense and The American Crisis to encourage support for the American fight for independence
Common Sense pamphlet written by Thomas Paine which argued citizens, not kings and queens, should govern themselves
Declaration of independence document which stated the reasons for colonists to separate from Britain and signed on July 4, 1776
Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence
Battle of Saratoga Turning point of the American Revolution; convinced France to openly support the Patriots
Valley Forge military camp in Pennsylvania where Washington and his troops endured brutal winter conditions
Battle of Yorktown ended the Revolutionary War when Cornwallis forced to surrender after being surrounded by Washington and the French navy
Treaty of Paris Britain officially recognized the independence of the United States
Created by: SDMS-Swain