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Chapter 17

border states state on the border between the North and South: Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, and Missouri
strategy a careful plan or method
enlist to formally join a military force
contrast to compare with respect to difference
tributary stream or smaller river that feeds into a larger river
ironclad a warship equipped with iron plating for protection
abandon to leave behind or give up
Battle of Bull Run first major land battle where the Confederates won and routed the Union Army
casualties people, killed wounded, captured, or missing
reinforce to make stronger
Battle of Antietam single most bloodiest day in American history where 26, 000 Americans died in combat
Emancipation Proclamation decree issued by President Lincoln freeing enslaved people in those parts of the Confederacy still in rebellion on January 1, 1863
habeas corpus a legal writ, or order, that guarantees a prisoner the right to be heard in court
draft a system of selecting people for required military service
bounty reward or payment
greenback paper money issued by the United States government
substitute an alternate or replacement
entrench to place within a trench, or ditch, for defense; a strong defensive position
flank the side or edge of a military formation
Stonewall Jackson famous Confederate General who was an excellent military strategist a gained his nickname at the Battle of Bull Run
54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment famous African American regiment that assaulted Fort Wagner in 1863 receiving heavy casualties
reverse to go in the opposite direction
Battle of Gettysburg the high water mark of the Confederacy where the Army of Northern Virginia was badly defeated in Pennsylvania
General Robert Lee famed Confederate General who lead the Army of Northern Virginia through many a campaign
General Ulysses Grant famed Union General who lead the Army of the Potomac to victory defeating the Confederates in Virginia
Gettysburg Address President Lincoln's speech dedicating a National Cemetery to the dead of the Union who were killed at Gettysburg
resistance refusal to give
series events that occur one after the other
interpret to find meaning in something
total war a strategy of bringing war to the entire society, not just the military
Appomattox Court House the location in Virginia where General Robert Lee surrender to General Ulysses Grant that ended the Civil War
Created by: leonh
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