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SFDS Chapter 3 3+4

SFDS Chapter 3 Sections 3 and 4

Key ItemDefinition
New Amsterdam Present day New York. Claimed and settled by the Dutch. Bought land from the Manhates and was Manhattan Island. Wanted by the english for the great harbor and fertile land.
Peter Stuyvesant A poor leader for the Dutch. He charged high taxes and made strict rules. The colony was easily taken over because the people there would rather be ruled by England than by Stuyvesant.
proprietary colony A colony in which the owner, or proprietor, owned all the land and controled the government.
New York and New Jersey Examples of proprietary colonies. Attracted settlers by promising religious freedom, trial by jury, and large land grants.
William Penn Owed money by the king, asks for land instead. Wanted to create a place where Quakers could practice thier religion without presecution. Established a colony where all are welcome. Designed Philadelphia himself!
Quakers Believed that each person had an inner light and that every one was equal. These ideas seemed like a threat to English society.
Indentured servants People who agreed to work without pay for a certain amount of time in exchange for payment to come overseas.
Pacifists People who believe in nonviolence.
Sir George and Cecil Clavert Received a grant from the king to establish a colony. Wanted Maryland to be a safe haven for Catholics. Viewed Maryland as a place for aristocrats and farmers, the way it was in England.
Act of Toleration Meant to protect Catholics from harsh laws being created by many of the Protestants that had moved to Maryland. It stated that Protests and Catholics had the right to worship freely. But it would not be followed by the Protestants and Maryland becomes a
Nathaniel Bacon Wealthy land owner who believed that colonists in Virginia ought to be allowed to move west.
Bacon's Rebellion Led by Nathaniel Bacon, he and his followers raided Native American towns on the western frontier and burned down the capitol building in Jamestown. Eventually king of England will send troops to protect the frontier and Virginians will be allowed to go.
John Locke English political philosopher who creates the Constitution used in the Carolinas.
Constitution A formal plan of government.
Eliza Lucas Introduces Indigo to the economy of South Carolina.
James Oglethorp Leader of the people who settled in Georgia. Created harsh laws and the people then kicked him out.
Georgia Set up as a fresh start for debtors and poor people. Was settled by people from all over Europe. Main purpose was to act a a military boundary between Spainish Florida and the rest of the English Colonies.
debtors People who were unable to repay their debts.
Created by: Mrs. Hastings