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Early Colonist Vocab

TermDefinition
John White An English pioneer of English efforts to settle North America. Sailed to North Carolina
Powhatan A tribe located in Virginia, controlled where English colonists formed the Jamestown Settlement
Indentured Servant A person who signed a contract by which they agreed to work for a certain number of years in exchange for transportation, food, shelter, etc.
John Winthrop An English Puritan, lawyer, founded the Massachusetts Bay Colony
Squanto A Native American of the Patuxet Tribe who was an interperter and guide to the pilgrims during the first winter at Plymouth
Puritans A religious group who sought to "purify"the Church of England from its Catholic practices
Pilgrim A person who journeys to a sacred place for religious reasons
Agriculture The science or practice of farming/cultivation of the soil for growing crops and raising animals for food
Industry Economic activity concerned with the processing of raw materials and manufacture of goods in factories
Textile A type of cloth or woven fabric
Charter Colony One of the 3 British Colonies. Massachusetts, Conneticeut, and Rhode Island. Governed by a royal charter without direct interference from the crown
Royal Colony A colony ruled by officials appointed by and responsible sovereign of the parent state
Proprietary Colony Colonies such as Carolina, Pennsylvania, granted by the English crown to one or more proprietors who had full governing rights
Economic The branch of knowledge concerned with the production, consumption and transfer of rights
Mercantilism Belief in the benefits of profitable trading
Religious Freedom The right to choose a religion with out interference by the government
Representative Government A government where citizens vote to elect people to represent their interests and concerns
Mayflower Compact An agreement reached by the pilgrims. Bound them to live in a civil society according to own laws
House of Burgess The lower house of the colonial Virginia legislature
Quakers A person who believed that everyone is equal. They refuse to use force or to fight
Thomas Hooker A prominent Puritan colonial leader, he founded the Colony of Conneticeut
Roger Williams A Puritan minister who founded the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations
John Wheelwright A Puritan Clergyman, he established the town of Exter, New Hampshire
William Penn An English real estate enteprenuer, he was founder of the Colony of the Providence of Pennslyvania
James Oglethorpe A British soilder, member of Parliment and founder of Georgia
Created by: kinslowkaya
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