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1942B Study Guide

1942B Final Exam StudyStack

FDR’s main goals in fighting the depression Reform, Recovery, and Relief (3)
Years for the Great Depression 1930s
Causes of the Great Depression Drought and Dust Bowl, Overproduction of goods, Consumer Debt, Stock Market Crash...
New Deal A series of laws and programs to help end the Great Depression
Shanty Towns Hoovervilles
What event brought an end to the Great Depression? WWII
Roosevelt’s fireside chats impact The informal radio broadcasts made FDR seem compassionate and responsive.
Why did voters vote for Roosevelt over Hoover Warmth and promise of a New Deal
Why was the New Deal a turning point in U. S. history? It used government programs to improve the lives of citizens.
Holocaust The violent deaths of a large number of people.
How many Jews were killed during the Holocaust 6 million
Other groups that were killed during the Holocaust Gypsy and Homosexuals
What religious group was killed by Germans in Concentration Camps? Jehovah Witness
Under German rule, before Concentration Camps, where were Jews forced to live? Ghettos
Genocide Killing members of a group and preventing births within the group
What happened to Hitler in the end? He committed suicide
In addition to the gas chambers, how did Nazi’s kill off the Jews? Starvation
During the Holocaust, how were families separated? Men, women, children, and elderly all separated from one another
Holocaust and ​annihilation​ Gas Chambers, Gun Massacre, Beaten to Death
What is the name for the laws that began to take away the rights of German Jews? Nuremberg Laws
Democracy government by the people
Fascism a governmental system led by a dictator having complete power
Blitzkrieg A form of a military attack
Kamikaze Japanese suicide pilots
Axis Powers Japan, Italy, and Germany
Why did United States decide to stay isolated from foreign affairs when WWII started? Citizens felt they were dragged into WWI, Citizens felt they should concentrate on problems at home, and Congress passed laws that prevented the U.S. from taking sides
Pearl Harbor events It occurred Sunday, Dec 7, 1941. It crippled the Pacific fleet. Approximately 3,000 Americans were killed.
Why did Great Britain and France declare war on Germany? Germany invaded Poland.
What event caused the U.S. to enter WWII? Japan bombed Pearl Harbor.
Under what plan did the U. S. ​provided​ ​massive​ ​financial​ ​aid​ ​to​ ​rebuild​ ​European economies​ ​and​ ​prevent​ ​the​ ​spread​ ​of​ ​communism​? Marshall Plan
Capitalist, Communist, Dictatorial, and Socialist meanings and which countries follow which ideals? Capitalist Is United States- This is the only one you need to know for the exam.
Baby Boom It affected the demographics of the U.S. society. It refers to the large number of babies born from 1945-1962. It was a result of men returning home after WWII
Similarities​ ​between​ ​the​ ​US​ ​and​ ​the​ ​Soviet​ ​Union during​ ​the​ ​Cold​ ​War​ Both had political and economic ideologies, Both were competing in the arms and space race, and Both formed military alliances
Cold War time period 1945-1991
Cuban Missile Crisis The​ ​1962​ ​confrontation​ ​between​ ​the​ ​U.S.​ ​and​ ​the​ ​Soviet​ ​Union​ ​that​ ​almost escalated​ ​into​ ​a​ ​third​ ​world​ ​war
A​ ​state​ ​of​ ​tension​ ​between​ ​the​ ​U.S.​ ​and​ ​the​ ​Soviet​ ​Union​ ​without​ ​actual fighting​ Cold War
The​ ​war​ ​that​ ​created​ ​divisiveness​ ​among​ ​Americans​ ​throughout​ ​the​ ​1960s Vietnam War
How did women help in WWII Among others, they joined the military, went to the workforce in factories, and became nurses.
What kind of policy did ​Martin​ ​L.​ ​King,​ ​Jr.,​ ​and​ ​other members​ ​of​ ​SCLC​ ​encouraged​? Nonviolent protests
Freedom Riders They brought about a federal ban on segregation in all interstate travel facilities.
Malcolm X He appealed​ ​to​ ​many​ ​African​ ​Americans'​ ​anger​ ​and​ ​frustration​ ​over​ ​a​ ​lack​ ​of social​ ​and​ ​economic​ ​power and preached​ ​a​ ​militant​ ​approach​ ​to​ ​civil​ ​rights
Sit-Ins Civil rights activists used this technique to force segregated establishments (businesses) to serve African Americans.
Civil Rights and Martin Luther King, Jr. Many had long been deprived of their civil rights and the "I Have a Dream" speech of Martin Luther King, Jr., during the March on Washington, in August 1963, appealed to African Americans.
​Vietnamization​ President Nixon
McCarthyism The term given for the mass fear and hysteria about possible communists in the United States after WWII
The​ ​Highway​ ​Act​ ​of​ ​1956 Created 41,000 miles of expressways to connect major American cities stimulating the American economy, shortening travel time between cities, encouraging urban growth along major travel arteries and gave us independence.
The​ ​two​ ​nations​ ​divided​ ​at​ ​the​ ​38th​ ​parallel North Korea and South Korea
Watergate​ Based on the outcome of the Watergate Investigation and the subsequent resignation of President Nixon, many have used the scandal to point out the success of the Constitution as a living document that applies to all Americans.
How did ​Truman​ ​justified​ ​dropping​ ​the​ ​atomic​ ​bomb​ ​on​ ​Japan​? He didn’t want to lose anymore American troops by launching a direct land invasion of Japan
The​ ​Manhattan​ ​Project The American development of an atomic bomb
Created by: Mrs. Stubbs