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Westward Expansion


Manifest Destiny belief that the U.S. should own all territory between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Granted to them by God
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo treaty which ended the Mexican-American War in 1848, added an additional 525,000 square miles of U.S. territory, including California, Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, Nevada, Utah and Wyoming
Oregon Trail one of the most used routes to travel west.
Annex to add
49ers group of Americans who traveled to California in 1849 in search of gold
California Gold Rush in 1849 the large migration of people to the west in search of gold
Oregon Territory Area of the northwest shared by the U.S. and Britain -- during the time period, Americans almost went to war over the boundary between Canada and Oregon -- known as 54' '40 or fight!
John O. Sullivan Coined the term manifest destiny
American Dream Idea that any American can achieve what they want
Lewis and Clark Expedition This journey through the Louisiana Purchase led Americans to learn more about the west
Thomas Jefferson This President purchased the Louisiana Territory, doubling the size of the U.S.
Adams-Onis Treaty Gave Florida to the United States
Gadsden Purchase Bought in 1853; gave the U.S. the southern part of Arizona and New Mexico