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Civil War

Mr. Segool's 4th grade StudyStack covering the Civil War.

The novel "Uncle Tom's Cabin" helped this movement grow. The Abolition Movement
How did Harriet Beecher Stowe's novel "Uncle Tom's Cabin" help cause the Civil War? The novel increased the numbers of people demanding that the government end slavery.
Why did John Brown attack the federal arsenal at Harper's Ferry, Virginia? The arsenal was a storage place for weapons. Brown planned to use the weapons to arm slaves and carry out a rebellion.
John Brown threatened to change the way of life for many Southerners. Why? Slaves did much of the work in the South, and Brown wanted to free them.
What was a main aspect of the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850? Slaves who managed to escape to the North would have to be returned to their Southern masters.
The South and North had become very distinct from each other before the Civil War. How? The South had more slaves. If the federal government ended slavery, wealthy slave owners believed their way of life would end.
What does "secede" mean? "Secede" means to break away or separate. It is a verb. As a noun, it becomes "secession".
Describe the Northern economy after the Civil War. Northern factories continued to do well. They produced many manufactured goods and jobs for Northern workers.
"Confederate" refers to which group of states? The Southern states
"Union" refers to which group of states? The Northern states. (Also called "federals".)
The differences between Northern and Southern states, including differences over slavery, helped lead to which war? The Civil War
The Battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, changed the course of the Civil War. How? The Union won this battle, forcing the Confederates out of Union territory.
What did "states rights" mean to Southern leaders in the years before the Civil War? Each state had the right to secede from (separate from) the Union.
This first major battle of the Civil War was fought in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina. The Battle of Fort Sumter
At the Battle of Fort Sumter, who attacked whom? The Confederates attacked the Union troops, who were controlling the fort.
He had been a capable leader during the Mexican War, but was ineffective as the Confederate president. Jefferson Davis
This fearless and fierce Confederate general was General Lee's "right-hand man" and a hero to Confederate forces. Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson
At Appomattox Court House, Virginia, who surrendered to whom? Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered to Union General Ulysses S. Grant.
The March to the Sea especially impacted people living in which three states? Especially Georgia, and later South and North Carolina.
What was the purpose of Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation? It freed all slaves in areas that had revolted against the USA.
How did the North and South differ in the way they recovered from the Civil War. The North recovered quickly, but the South struggled to recover.
List three negative affects the Civil War had on the South. The South had shortages of many resources, transportation was destroyed, and there was a labor shortage due to slaves being freed.
Who was William T. Sherman? Sherman was a Union general who led the March to the Sea and captured Atlanta, gaining control over Southern railroads and factories.
What were two goals of Sherman's March to the Sea? To destroy Confederate supply lines and to convince Southerners to give up the Confederate cause.
What parts of the Civil War was General Sherman most known for? The March to the Sea and the Atlanta Campaign (Battle of Atlanta)
Robert E. Lee was opposed to secession before the Civil War. Why did he end up fighting for the Confederates? Lee was loyal to his home state of Virginia. Virginia seceded from the Union, so Lee supported the Confederate cause.
Who was president of the Union (United States of America) for almost all of the Civil War? Abraham Lincoln
Created by: briansegool