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social studies test

Nationalism pride in or devotion towards one's country. They demanded freedom and independence for their nations-wanted to get rid of foreign rules.
Imperialism policy of establishing colonies and building an empire. Major countries wanted colonies for new nation's market and raw materials.
Militarism policy of building up a nation's armed forces to prepare for war. Countries built up their armies and natives in response to each other.
Rival Alliances countries in Europe member- affected its allies.
Triple Alliance Germany, Austria- Hungary and Italy
Triple Entente France, Russia and Great Britain
Archduke Franz Ferdinand Inherited the throne of Austria-Hungary
Black Hand (Serbian terrorist group) -wanted Bosnia to break away from Austria-Hungary and join forces with Serbia.
Gavrilo Princip (member of the black hand)- assassinated Ferdinand
Protectorate smaller nation under the protection of a more powerful country.
Declarations of War July 28, 1914 Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia August 1, 1914 Germany declared war on Russia August 3, 1914 Germany declared war on France (Russia’s ally) August 4,1914 UK declared war on Germany April 1917 U.S. declared war on Germany
Allies (Allied Powers) countries fighting on the side of the triple entente.
Central Powers countries fighting on the side of the triple alliance.
Neutrality US official policy
Blockades preventing goods from being imported and exported from ports
U-Boat underwater boat Germans used
Lusitania A British passenger ship that was sunk by the Germans on May 7, 1915 where 128 Americans died
Sussex Pledge 1. Germany agreed to compensate any Americans injured by German U-Boats 2. Germany agrees not to sink non-military ships without warning in 1921.
Zimmerman Telegram Zimmerman (German official), wanted arrange an alliance with Mexico to try and defeat the U.S.
US entry into war Germany began to lose and resumed unrestricted submarine warfare because they felt it could win the war before the US could raise an army. Wilson stopped diplomatic relations with Germany. Prepare for war. mad about Zimmerman declared war April 1917.
American Expeditionary Force U.S landed in France on June 1917, and American troops were nicknamed “Doughboys” because the buttons on the uniforms looked like dough dumpling. They were commanded by General John “Blackjack” Pershing
General John "Blackjack" Pershing
Battle Of Belleau Wood First major battle involving US forces outside of Paris. US Marines ordered to defend the area from the Germans and General James Harbard (Marine Commander) turned back the Germans attack within 3 weeks
Second Battle of Marne Germans launched a final offensive to take Paris which was defended by French, British, and American troops. Allies forced Germans to retreat, and this turned the tide of the war resulting in the allies going on the offensive
Battle of Argonne Forest Allies pushed into the Argonne Forest where it was defended by Germans. Sergeant Alvin York killed several German machine gunners and he cleared the way for advancing US troops. US forced the Germans to retreat
US Navy Vs. U-boat US Navy patrolled the North Atlantic protecting Allied ships, and also prevented U-Boats from getting into and out of German parts. They used nets, depth charged, and sea mines
Czar Nicholas II November 1917 Russian Emperor as overthrown and the Bolsheviks (led by Vladimir Lenin) staged a communist revolution in Russia
Armistice November 1918 Allied forces broke through the German lines. Kaiser Wilhelm II (German leader) requested an armistice which means temporary cease fire. This was signed on November 11, 1918
Plan for peace Wilson wanted a peaceful end to the war (peace without victory) and allied leaders wanted Germany to be punished
14 Points Wilson’s plan for peace that was designed to prevent international problems that would cause another war 1.Justice and freedom for all people 2.Eliminate the causes of war 3.National Self Determination-right of countries to choose their own government
Paris peace Conference January 1919 diplomats met at the Palace of Versailles in Paris to create a peace treaty. The big issues were decided by the Big Four: US, UK, France, and Italy. Germany was not allowed to send delegates and was forced to sign the final treaty because whi
treaty of versailles Germany had to take full blame for the war, disarm completely, surrender its colonies, and pay $300 billion in reparations (payments for wrongdoing). Austria-Hungary split apart and lost land in Europe. Most of the 14 Points were ignored except the League
Created by: aliciaacosta56
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