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Stack #2772368

World Geography Midterm

Culture Everything we do, think, and say. We study culture to understand and respect each other's differences
Diffusion to spread
HDI Human Development Index: ranking of each country's standard of living
Newly Industrialized Country High birth rate. 2-3 levels of economic activity. Most people in the world live in this "level" of country
More Developed Country Rich countries with low birth rates, good infrastructure, & long life expectancy.
Less Developed Country Poor countries with high birth rate, little infrastructure, and short life expectancies
Representative Democracy People vote for people to represent them in government.
Absolute Monarchy Rule by King or Queen. Their word is law. "Do it, or else."
Constitutional Monarchy King or Queen is symbolic head of the country, but laws are made by an elected legislature
Theocracy The head of the government is also the head of the religion
Totalitarian A government which a group of people, a person, or family has total power. Dictators have power through the military.
Free Market Economy Consumer demand determines what goods and services are produce. No government intervention (involvement).
Socialist Economy Economy with some consumer control and some government control. Government guarantees a basic (minimum) standard of living for its people & owns key industries (like transportation or energy).
Communist Economy Leaders are appointed by Committee and not elected. People have no say. Government plans what goods and services are produced.
Traditional Economy Agricultural economy based on bartering (trading). Decisions are made based on what has always been done.
Urbanization The growth of cities and the changes in lifestyle that brings. Many cities grew up around sources of fresh water.
Push Factor Things that make people move AWAY from a country
Pull Factor Things that make people choose to move TO a country
Innovation New inventions created to meet society's needs. Important to keep an economy growing.
Non-Renewable Resource Resources that cannot be replaced - fossil fuels like gas & oil.
Columbian Exchange Beginning of trade between Europe and the Americas:
To Americas: cows, horses, pigs, diseases: to Europe: potatoes, corn, cocoa beans, diseases
NAFTA North American Free Trade Agreement. Signed in 1994 by Mexico, Canada & U.S. Trade without taxes and removal of trade barriers Has increased trade
Tariffs A tax on trade used by one country against another.
Strong Economy Need many things: good infrastructure, access to technology, many types of communication, educated workers, and a stable government.
Physical Weathering Erosion - caused by wind, water, or glaciers - effects the shape of landforms
Topography Shape of the earth (like mountains and valleys). Shows elevation.
GPS System using satellites and computers. Gives users absolute location.Users include the military, park rangers, and hikers
Climate What the weather is like in a certain place over a verylong period of time (like 30 years). Latitude is the biggest factor; then elevation, mountains, proximity and wind/ocean currents (LEMPOS).
Free Trade Trade without Taxes (like NAFTA). The government has little involvement in business. Government leaves decisions to private owners & businesses.
Dictator Leader who stays in power by threatening or using force. Once in power, a dictator does not share power with the people & does not give people freedoms. A form of totalitarian government.
Colonialism Spain and Portugal (Brazil) colonized Latin America. They brought
their language, culture, and religion with them. It continues to influence the economics and politics of Latin America.
Infrastructure Basic services government provides for the people: Water, sewers, electricity, schools, hospitals, transportation, roads, and communication. Necessary for economic growth.
Slash & Burn Practiced by subsistence farmers in the rainforest. Farmers cut & burn trees. Farm land for a few years until the soil isn't good for farming anymore. Farmer then abandons land & moves on to a new part of forest
Globalization Trading and doing business with companies outside of your country. Development of a worldwide market.
Economic Interdependence The world economy is globalized; it is linked together very strongly. When something happens in one place, it effects many other places even if they are very far away. For example, the Ebola crisis in Africa is effecting us here in Dallas.
Monotheism Belief in one GOD. Judaism, Christianity & Islam are linked by their belief in a single God.
Polytheism Belief in many gods. Hinduism and Buddhism are examples.
Animism Belief that many things in nature have their own spirit. One of the earliest forms of religion.
Where do people settle? People build cities near fresh water, like rivers. People also choose to live where the climate is more moderate (places with 4 seasons)
Biomes Certain ecosystems thrive at certain latitudes. Examples include tundra, deserts, forests, grasslands. Affects what plants (vegetation) and animals live there.
Subsistence Farming farming in which only enough food to feed one's family is produced
Created by: weakstick



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