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D - SS - Unit 6
History of Latin America - Current Issues
|What is poverty?
|a condition where people’s basic needs (food, clothing, shelter, etc) are not being met
|About how many people live in chronic poverty in Latin America?
|What are causes of poverty in Latin America?
|lack of high-quality and high skilled jobs, lack of investment and access to education
|What are 3 heavily trafficked drugs?
|cocaine, marijuana, and heroin
|What is a cartel?
|groups which dominate the trade of a specific good or service or organized crime units
|What are some ways that cartels bring drugs into the US?
|jet airliners, eighteen-wheelers, submarines and large tunnels beneath the US-Mexican border
|Why can't Mexico stop the cartels?
|there is government corruption, intimidation, bribes, and collusion with the cartels
|What is the US doing to stop the drug trade?
|started targeting producers rather than users
|How has illegal drug trade become a major part of the economy?
|it gives money to small areas
|What are some of the types of migration?
|economic, social, political and environmental
|What are some PUSH/PULL factors for Latinos moving to the US?
|war, lack of economic opportunities, poverty, safety concerns, safer living conditions, more or better jobs, better healthcare & political stability
|What are 3 patterns of migration?
|Rural to Urban areas within the same country; Regional Migration between Latin American and Caribbean Countries; and Migration to Europe, Asia, and Anglo America
|Currently, Latinos are the _________ group of minorities in the US.
|What is economic migration?
|migration that occurs when another area appears to have more economic opportunities then where they are (jobs, poverty, drugs, etc.)
|What is social migration?
|migration that occurs when another area appears to have ‘happier’ or better quality of life (with friends/family) then what they have
|What is political migration?
|migration that occurs due a need to escape political persecution, imprisonment, or death
|What is environmental migration?
|migration that occurs as a result of natural disasters
|What are people called that move due to political migration?
|What is the most common type of migration?
|Rural to Urban areas within the same country
|What 3 countries are the centers of Latin American and Caribbean migration?
|France, US and Japan
|What is a negative affect of migration?
|What is brain drain?
|caused when highly educated and specialized people leave their native country and relocate in a country that will better compensate them for their skills
|What are remittances?
|money that workers send back to support those they left behind
|How does brain drain effect countries’ economics ?
|it takes the educated and high earning people away from their native country
|What is an economic benefit of migration?
|How do remittances effect countries’ economics ?
|they get money without having local jobs