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The Cold War

Cold War Term used to describe relationship between the US and the USSR after WWII.
Hot Spots of the Cold War Korean War, Vietnam War, Cuban Missile Crisis, Berlin Airlift, Berlin Wall.
Iron Curtain the notional barrier separating the former Soviet bloc and the West prior to the decline of communism that followed the political events in eastern Europe in 1989.
Containment The action of keeping something harmful (communism) under control or within limits.
Berlin Wall Fortified concrete and wire barrier that separated East and West Berlin from 1961 to 1989, built by the gov. of what was then East Germany to keep East Berliners from defecting to the West.
Yalta Conference The World War II meeting of the heads of gov. of the US, the UK, and the USSR for the purpose of discussing Germany and Europe's postwar.
Domino Theory Theory that a political event in one country will cause similar events in neighboring countries, like a falling domino causing an entire row of upended dominoes to fall.
Truman Doctrine the principle that the US should give support to countries or peoples threatened by Soviet forces or communist insurrection.
Marshall Plan A program by which the United States gave large amounts of money to European countries to help them rebuild after the devastation of World War II.
Civil Defense The organization and training of civilians for the protection of lives and property during and after attacks in wartime.
Baby Boom A temporary marked increase in the birth rate, especially the one following World War II.
McCarthyism Vociferous campaign against alleged communists in the US government and other institutions carried out under Senator Joseph McCarthy in the period 1950–54.
Nevada Atomic Bomb Testing Children living downwind were beginning to develop leukemia. As time passed, people in affected areas suffered at high rates of cancer.
Nikita Kruscshev Soviet statesman who led the Soviet Union during part of the Cold War as the First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
Joseph F Kennedy American businessman, investor, and politician known for his high-profile positions in United States politics.
Joseph McCarthy Joseph Raymond McCarthy was an American politician who served as U.S. Senator from the state of Wisconsin.
Fidel Castro Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz was a Cuban politician and communist revolutionary who governed the Republic of Cuba as Prime Minister from 1959 to 1976 and then as President from 1976 to 2008.
Korean War The Korean War was a war between North Korea and South Korea. The war began on 25 June 1950 when North Korea invaded South Korea.
Vietnam War Also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.
Bay of Pigs The Bay of Pigs Invasion was a failed military invasion of Cuba undertaken by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
Cuban Missile Crisis During the Cuban Missile Crisis, leaders of the U.S. and the Soviet Union engaged in a tense, 13-day political and military standoff in October 1962 over the installation of nuclear-armed Soviet missiles on Cuba, just 90 miles from U.S. shores
GI Bill The GI Bill provides educational assistance to service members, veterans, and their dependents.
Interstate Highway System Largest Public Works project in US history. Led to urban sprawl. Aided suburbs. Authorized by Fed. Hwy Act of 1956.
Rock and Roll Originated and evolved in the United States during the late 1940s and early 1950s, from African American musical styles such as gospel, jump blues, jazz, boogie woogie, and rhythm and blues, along with country music.
Space Race 20th Century competition between two Cold War rivals, the Soviet Union (USSR) and the United States (US), for supremacy in spaceflight capability.
National Defense Education Act increased funding for education at all levels, including low-interest student loans to college students, with the focus on scientific and technical education.
Created by: Malachi B4545
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