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SE Asia Geo & Cultur

SE Asia Geography & Culture

Monsoon seasonal winds that bring rain in the summer and dry air in the winter
Caste System a strict system of social classes tied to Hinduism
Nirvana enlightenment; everlasting peace in Buddhism
Reincarnation when a soul is reborn into another body after a person dies; part of Hinduism and Buddhism
Karma based upon your actions; influences reincarnation; good deeds build good karma, bad deeds build bad karma
Eightfold Path the way to achieve Nirvana in Buddhism
Archipelago a chain of islands
Kami spirits in Shinto
Siddhartha Gautama founder of Buddhism; became Buddha
Muhammad founder of Islam
Confucius Chinese philosophy whose teachings became the basis for education and government in China
Where is Mount Everest located? Himalaya Mountains
What is the purpose of the 3 Gorges Dam? To create hydroelectricity for China
Where do most Chinese live? North China Plain and near rivers and coasts
What is the Asian Brown Cloud and what problems does it cause? A brown haze of air pollution over many major cities in Asia; lung disease, alters monsoon patterns, decreases photosynthesis
What is causing the pollution in the Ganges River? Sewage, cremated bodies, dead animals, fertilizers, industrial waste
What is India’s main environmental concern? Overpopulation
What are the main beliefs of Hinduism? Caste system, reincarnation based upon karma, monotheistic (many manifestations: Shiva, Vishnu, Brahma)
What are the main beliefs of Buddhism? 4 Noble Truths, human suffering is caused by greed, follow the Eightfold Path to reach nirvana, Buddha is seen as a leader/teacher (not a god), reincarnation
How did Buddhism begin? Siddhartha Gautama
What are the main beliefs of Shinto? The idea that kami (spirits) are in everything
How did Shinto begin? ancient Japanese religion
Where is Shinto mainly practiced? Japan
What are the main ideas of Confucianism? Philosophy about government and education, Golden Rule
What is the text of Confucianism? Analects
Where is Confucianism mainly followed? China and Asia
Why is Confucianism not considered a religion? Confucianism are guidelines for government and education, not a system of beliefs
What is the climate and geography of Asia like? Very diverse – mountains, deserts, plains
What is China’s main environmental concern? Air pollution
Which river in China is known as “China’s Sorrow” and why? Huang He because of disastrous flooding
Why is air pollution a growing problem in India? Rapid industrialization and growing population
Why is the Yangtze River important to the people of China? Provides a source of drinking water, irrigation, and transportation
Where do most people live in China? North China Plain and near rivers and coasts
How has the geography of Asia affected where people live and the way in which they live? People in Asia tend to live where transportation is easier, like near rivers or oceans. Areas with fertile land, like the North China Plain and Indus River Valley, are heavily populated. People do not live in deserts, like the Gobi, or mountains.
Compare and contrast Hinduism and Buddhism. Hinduism and Buddhism both believe in reincarnation and that eventually the soul will be reunited with a universal spirit. Hinduism does not have a specific founder and the caste system. Buddhism was founded by Siddhartha Gautama.
Created by: Mrs. Corey