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SE Asia Geo & Cultur

SE Asia Geography & Culture Part 2 (religions)

Caste System a strict system of social classes tied to Hinduism
Nirvana enlightenment; everlasting peace in Buddhism
Reincarnation when a soul is reborn into another body after a person dies; part of Hinduism and Buddhism
Karma based upon your actions; influences reincarnation; good deeds build good karma, bad deeds build bad karma
Eightfold Path the way to achieve Nirvana in Buddhism
Kami spirits in Shinto
Siddhartha Gautama founder of Buddhism; became Buddha
Muhammad founder of Islam
Confucius Chinese philosophy whose teachings became the basis for education and government in China
What are the main beliefs of Hinduism? Caste system, reincarnation based upon karma, monotheistic (many manifestations: Shiva, Vishnu, Brahma)
What are the main beliefs of Buddhism? 4 Noble Truths, human suffering is caused by greed, follow the Eightfold Path to reach nirvana, Buddha is seen as a leader/teacher (not a god), reincarnation
How did Buddhism begin? Siddhartha Gautama
What are the main beliefs of Shinto? The idea that kami (spirits) are in everything
How did Shinto begin? ancient Japanese religion
Where is Shinto mainly practiced? Japan
What are the main ideas of Confucianism? Philosophy about government and education, Golden Rule
What is the text of Confucianism? Analects
Where is Confucianism mainly followed? China and Asia
Why is Confucianism not considered a religion? Confucianism are guidelines for government and education, not a system of beliefs
Compare and contrast Hinduism and Buddhism. Hinduism and Buddhism both believe in reincarnation and that eventually the soul will be reunited with a universal spirit. Hinduism does not have a specific founder and the caste system. Buddhism was founded by Siddhartha Gautama.
Created by: Mrs. Corey
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