Normal Size Small Size show me how
SE Asia Geo & Cultur
SE Asia Geography & Culture Part 2 (religions)
|a strict system of social classes tied to Hinduism
|enlightenment; everlasting peace in Buddhism
|when a soul is reborn into another body after a person dies; part of Hinduism and Buddhism
|based upon your actions; influences reincarnation; good deeds build good karma, bad deeds build bad karma
|the way to achieve Nirvana in Buddhism
|spirits in Shinto
|founder of Buddhism; became Buddha
|founder of Islam
|Chinese philosophy whose teachings became the basis for education and government in China
|What are the main beliefs of Hinduism?
|Caste system, reincarnation based upon karma, monotheistic (many manifestations: Shiva, Vishnu, Brahma)
|What are the main beliefs of Buddhism?
|4 Noble Truths, human suffering is caused by greed, follow the Eightfold Path to reach nirvana, Buddha is seen as a leader/teacher (not a god), reincarnation
|How did Buddhism begin?
|What are the main beliefs of Shinto?
|The idea that kami (spirits) are in everything
|How did Shinto begin?
|ancient Japanese religion
|Where is Shinto mainly practiced?
|What are the main ideas of Confucianism?
|Philosophy about government and education, Golden Rule
|What is the text of Confucianism?
|Where is Confucianism mainly followed?
|China and Asia
|Why is Confucianism not considered a religion?
|Confucianism are guidelines for government and education, not a system of beliefs
|Compare and contrast Hinduism and Buddhism.
|Hinduism and Buddhism both believe in reincarnation and that eventually the soul will be reunited with a universal spirit. Hinduism does not have a specific founder and the caste system. Buddhism was founded by Siddhartha Gautama.