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Topic 5 lesson 1-7

Social Studies

Framers A person who draws up and produces something such as a constitution
Veto To prevent the passage of a law
Judiciary The branch of government that resolves legal disputes and hands out justice
Manifest Destiny The belief that the U.S. had the right and duty to expand to the Pacific Ocean
Dispute To engage in argument
Negotiate To reach an agreement through compromise
Cession The granting of land by one country to another
Permanent School Fund A fund that provides money for public schools
Popular Sovereignty Allowing states to decide for themselves whether or not to permit slavery
Proslavery Slave states
Antislavery Nonslave states
Exiled To be forced to leave the country
Cattle Rustler A person who steals cattle
Land Grant System A method of land distribution in which a person is issued a certificate for land,hires a surveyor to mark off a plot of land, and pays the surveyor with part of the land
Emigrate To leave one country or region and move to another
Upper South The U.S. region that includes the states of Kentucky,Tennessee,Virginia,Maryland,and North Carolina
Lower South The region of the U.S. that includes the states of South Carolina,Georgia,Alabama,Mississippi,Arkansas,and Louisiana
Manumission The freeing of slaves
Empresarios The Spanish word for ''contractor,'' a person who puts together business deals
States' Rights The idea that states have the right to limit the power of the federal government
Resistance An effort to stop something
secede Withdraw
abolitionist A person who wanted to end slavery
Nullification Each state had the right to nullify,or reject,national laws
sectionalism Loyalty to one's section or region instead of to the country as a whole
Tariff A tax on an imported good
Vigilantes People who take the law into their own hands
Arsenals Storehouses for weapons
Regiments A military unit made up of smaller groups of soldiers
Unionists People loyal to the Union during the American Civil War
Desertions When someone leaves a post without permission and with no intention of returning
Supremacy A supreme authority and power
John White An English artist and early pioneer of English to settle North America
Powhatan Paramount chief of the Tsenacommach tribe
Indentured Servant Men and women who signed a contract by which they agreed to work for a certain number of years
John Winthrop English Puritan lawyer and one of the leading figures in founding the Massachussets Bay colony
Squanto Member of the Patuex tribe of New England
Puritans Member of a group of English protestants of the late 16th and 17th centuries
Pilgrim A person who journeys to a sacred place for religious reasons
Agriculture The cultivation and breeding of animals and plants to provide food
Industry The production of goods or related services within an economy
Textile A type of cloth or woven fabric
Charter Colony One of the three classes of colonial government established in the 17th century English colonies
Royal Colony A colony ruled or administered by officials appointed by and responsible to the reigning sovereign of the parent state
Proprietary Colony A type of British colony mostly in North America and the Carribean in the 17th century
Economic Relating to economics or economy
Mercantilism Belief in the benefits of profitable trading;Commercialism
Religious Freedom The right to choose a religion(or no religion) without interferance by the government
Representative Government A type of democracy founded in the principle of elected officials,representing a group of people,as opposed to direct democracy
Mayflower Compact The first governing document of Plymouth Colony.It was written by the male passengers of the Mayflower,consisting of separatists,Puritans,Adventurers,and Tradesmen
House of Burgess The first legislative assembly of elected representatives in North America
Quakers Members of a historically Christian group of religious movements,formally known as the Religious Society of Friends or Friends Church
Thomas Hooker A Prominend Puritan colonial leader,who founded the Colony of Connecticut after dissenting with Puritan leaders in Massachusetts.He was known as an outstanding speaker and an advocate of universal Christian Sufferage
Roger Williams A Puritan Minister,English Reformed Theologian,and Reformed Baptist who founded the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence plantations
John Wheelwright A Puritan clergyman in England and America,and was most noted for being banished from the Massachusetts Colony for subsequently establishing the town of Exeter,New Hampshire
William Penn An English real estate Entrepreneuar,Philosopher,Early Quaker,and founder of the English Colony of Province of Pennsylvania
James Oglethorpe A British soldier,Member of Parliament,and a Philanthropist,as well as the founder of the Colony of Georgia
Created by: anthonypantoja58



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