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unit 9

cases and effects of the industrial revolution,

QuestionAnswer
Edward Jenner invented the smallpox vaccine improving life expectancy and nearly eradicating the disease
capitalism economic system based on the invisible hand of supply and demand with ownership by entrepreneurs and the investment capitalism
england birthplace of the industrial rev due to coal and iron reserves and the inventions of the steam engine
labor unions organized workers to use collective action such as strikes to improve wages and working conditions
factory work mechanized labor leading to mass production
scramble for Africa European imperialism in Africa resulting from the loss of american colonies to independence
protectorates independent countries placed under the protection of a more powerful like latin america under the monroe doctrine
james watt improved the steam engine which powered factory machines locomotives and steam boats
james hargreaves invented the spining jenny which led to the development of texiles factories the first factories of the industrial rev
henry bessemer invented the bessemer process to create steel with enabled the creation of machines and large infrastructure
eli whitney invented the cotton gin which deseeded cotton so efficiently that demand for slave labor temporarily rose
louis pasteur invented a process for killing bacteria, esp within the human food supply-pasteurization
karl marx the father of socialism and communism who wrote the communist manifesto
factory towns towns built by factory owners to attract labor, but which left labor under the control of factory owners
zulu wars resistaance british and dutch imperialism on the part of southern african peoples
adam smith a proponent of capitalism he wrote the wealth of nations
colonies areas placed under the rule of a foreign, losing their independence
boxer rebellion Chinese resistance to foreign imperialism in their country
sphere of influence an area under the economic of a foreign country- much like china during the industrial revolution
cottage industry handmade production that takes place within a home-dominant form of production before the industrial revolution,
women's suffage the battle for women's right to vote that began during industrial revolution,
socialism and communism economic system focused on creating a system of equality as the government controls the economy and owns the means of production
middle class increased in size as wages improved due to the effective organization of labor unions
hindu nationnalism reaction of India to the attempts of the British to impose their culture upon them during their imperialistic endeavors
enclosure movement the fencing off of large farms leading to increased food production to feed urban workers
wealth of nations book written by Adam smith explaining the economic system of capitalism
the communist manifesto book written by Karl Marx to explain the economic systems of socialism and communism
Created by: silvvermoons