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Dual Diagnosis

What does the term "developmental disability" mean? The limitations in the area of intellectual functioning of the individual
What is the IQ level of someone with a mild level of mental retardation? 50-55 to approximately 70
What is the IQ level of someone with a moderate level of mental retardation? 35-40 to 50-55
What is the IQ level of someone with a severe level of mental retardation? 20-25 to 35-40
What is the IQ level of someone with a profound level of mental retardation? Below 20 or 25
What sub groups of people with developmental disabilities are prone to mental health? People with autism
What makes detection of underlying health problems more difficult? Behaviour highlighting severe or intense behaviour problem
List the clinical challenges that exist in correctly diagnosing mental health in individuals with DD - Behavioural overshadowing - Diagnostic overshadowing - Baseline exaggeration - Failure to recognize that complex concurrent disorders may occur at the same time
Give 3 examples of a dual diagnosis? - Autism - Anxiety - Schizophrenia - OCD
Identify two reasons why assessment and screening are important - Identify those who are likely to require more in-depth assessment - For mutating a tentative diagnosis
What constitutes our behavior? Everything we do
List characteristics of normal behavior - Behavior is expected to conform certain patterns that are acceptable - There is considerable variation in normal behavior at the societal on personal level
List characteristics of abnormal behavior - behaviors that seem to far from norm, too odd or to unusual to be acceptable - It is important to distinguish between abnormal behaviors and mental illness
List 4 factors that can result in abnormal behavior - Traumatic brain injury - Intellectual or DD - Physical conditions - Drug use or withdrawal
What is a stereotypical behavior? A repetitive invariant behavior pattern with no obvious goal or function
What is a self-stimulatory behavior? - Staring at lights - Snapping fingers - Rubbing skin
What is a self-injurious behavior? Any behavior that causes tissue damage
What does DSM-5 stand for? Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
What other information besides diagnostic criteria would you find in each section of the DSM-5? - Prevalence - Development and course - Co-morbidity - Functional consequences
What does the DSM-5 classify and why? It classifies the disorders people have to improve treatment and prevention
What percentage of Canadians will experience mental health disorders? 20%
What disorder is the most common of all mental health issues? Anxiety disorders
What % of men in Canada will experience major depression in the course of their lives? 11%
List 5 causes of mental health disorders 1 - biological factors 2 - childhood experiences 3 - social and cultural factors 4 - stressful life events 5 - poor physical health or disability
When supporting clients and their families a DSW should do what? Focus on respect and acceptance of the individual and family
List team members that may be part of care planning for a client? - Family physician - Nurse - Social workers and support workers - Occupational therapist - Specialists
What is the role of the registered nurse on the interdisciplinary mental health team? - Provide the psychiatrist with background info - Contribute info
What is a multidisciplinary team? Members of 2 or more health professionals, disciplines, drawing on their knowledge, work separately to achieve clinical goals
What is an interdisciplinary team? Members of 2 or more health professional disciplines work together to achieve common clinical goals
List obstacles commonly faced among the interdisciplinary team - Differential status among disciplines - Professional rivalries - Differences in philosophies or perspectives
What factors promote effective team functioning? - Devoted time - Organizational and administrative supports need to be engaged - Establish working environment that rewards interdisciplinary activities
According to Carey, what six systemic factors must be addressed to understand and treat challenging behaviors? - Flexibility - Consistency - Portability - Intensity - Change - Tolerance
What treatment is used in Seasonal Affective disorder? Phototherapy
What are psychotropic medications? - Benzodiazepines - Antipsychotics
Acquired brain injury: Any type of sudden injury that causes temporary or permanent damage to the brain
Obsessive compulsive disorder: An obsession is a persistent thought or desire and a compulsion is the uncontrollable urge to perform an act
Conduct disorder: Repeatedly violate the personal or property rights of others and society
Anorexia nervosa: A serious, often chronic life-threatening eating disorder defined by a refusal to maintain minimal body weight within 15% of an individuals normal weight
Bulimia nervosa: A psychological eating disorder that is characterized by episodes of binge eating followed by inappropriate methods of weight control (purging)
Pica: An eating disorder defined as persistently eating substances without nutritional value for a period of at least a month
Autism: Mental condition, present from early childhood
Schizophrenia: An extremely complex mental health disorder characterized by delusions, hallucinations, disturbances in thinking and withdrawal from society
Portability: Easily carried or moved
Antipsychotics: Used to treat psychotic disorders
Benzodiazepine: Librium
Insomnia: Inability to sleep
Created by: alyssasymons11



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