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Philosophy Review

QuestionAnswer
List reasons that work of all disability personnel is essential? To enable them to live in communities in ways that promote inclusion and quality of life
What roles do service organizations typically employ people with disabilities? In the form of managers, supervisors, policy makers, frontline practitioners and support staff
What is a frontline practitioner? Those who work most closely with individuals with developmental disabilities
What is the role of a frontline practitioner? -Must respond to the needs of specific individuals from toileting to supporting in recreational activities - Trust -Support
Is the following statement true or false? There was a massive increase of knowledge in developmental disabilities in the 18th century False - 20th-21st Century
List environmental causes/risks that may cause disabilities in children? - Poor living conditions - Adverse family and social environments - Fetal alcohol - Isolation
What are crucial elements in early infancy to prevent mild to severe disabilities? - Clean water - Food - Safe and supportive family environment
What was average life expectancy for individuals with down syndrome in the 20th century? What is it currently? Then 11 Now 55
What are the generally accepted priorities for supports and services? - Enabling and enhancing to quality of life - Ethical and respectful - Integrated - Complete, timely and efficient - Multidisciplinary - Sensitive to culture, religion, family structure and social circumstances
What is the current trend in support methods for persons with disabilities? Toward supporting and enabling individuals to become more responsible for their own development and to be key participants in the decision making process
What has institutional care been replaced with in Ontario, other provinces and affluent countries? A wide variety of rehabilitation and support systems based in the community
Approximately how many known cause of intellectual and developmental disabilities are there? 300
What has been emphasized since the 1990's to have a positive effect on employment and daily living? - Quality of life - Personal development
How does service and supports provided vary in different regions? - Population size - Laws - Policies - Education - Demographics
What needs to be taken into account when providing support to enhance family well-being and the family's ability to support the individual with a disability? Family quality of life
What role could a DSW professional play in enhancing family-well being effectively? - Counselling - Practical support - Clear understanding of family's needs
Abuse: The action or behaviour that causes or has the potential to cause physical injury or psychological harm to a person with a DD
Individual support plan: A written document that is developed by a service agency that identifies specific strategies that are to be utilized to support a person with a DD to achieve their goals
Mission statement: A written statement that describes a service agencies purpose or goals
Neglect: Failure to provide a person with a DD the support and assistance that is required for their health, safety or well-being
Police records check: A record of a person's involvement with the police obtained through a search of police databases
Behaviour support plan: A document that is based on an assessment that includes historical and current, biological and medical, psychological, social and environmental factors of the person with a DD that outlines intervention strategies
Challenging behaviour: Behaviour that is aggressive or injurious to self or to others or that has the potential to cause damage to property (or both)
Crisis situation: A circumstance where and individual with a DD is displaying challenging behaviour that is new or intense
Intrusive behaviour: A procedure or action taken on an individual due to their challenging behaviour such as CPI
Mechanical restraint: A means of controlling behaviour that involves the use of a device or equipment to restrict movement
Positive behaviour intervention: The use of "non-intrusive" behaviour management strategies such as behaviour modification programs to reward and promote the positive behaviour
Service principles: A written statement that describes a service agency's service philosophy and their approach to service delivery
What is the difference between a criminal record check and a vulnerable sector check? 1 - involvement with police 2 - Any involvement with CAS, sexual (positive and negative)
By law what is each service agency required to address? 1- Promote social inclusion, individual choice, independence and rights 2 - Develop individual support plans for each client 3 - Assist clients with managing their finances 4 - Health promotion, medical services and medication
By law what is each service agency required to address? (part 2) 5. Abuse prevention and reporting 6 - Notification of incidents and abuse 7 - Confidentiality and privacy 8 - Safety around the agency 9 - Safety and security of persons with DD 10 - Human resource practices 11 - Service records
How long is an agency required to keep a person's record? A minimum of 7 years
What will each client's record include? - Clients application for developmental services and supports - Supports intensity scale needs assessment - Individual support plan
Define humanitarianism: Treating people with differences in a human way (kind, sympathetic)
What programs were set up as a result of humanitarianism? - Whole lifestyle programs - Schools
The first institution for people with disabilities in Ontario was located where? What year was it opened? Orillia in 1876
How many government operated institutions did Ontario have by the mid 1970's? 19
When did all Ontario institutions for persons with DD close? March 2009
Explain "Eugenic Alarm": - People with DD and criminals were alike - Need to be institutionalized
What was the role of institutions when they first opened?/ - Provide good diet - Medical care - Exercise
Name 3 things that the "model" self supporting communities provided in the beginning of the 20th century? - Work - Training - Social support
In the mid 1970's normalization philosophy was introduced. How did this change lifestyles of people with DD? - Inclusion - Self determined and person directed - Supporting families
What does MCSS stand for? Ministry of Community and Social Services
In 1995 what percentage of adults with DD receiving MCSS services lived with families? 46%
The Quality of Life Project inquired about nine aspects of lifestyle, what are they? - Where do people live - Health care
What does self-determination mean? Ability to have control over their lives
Define inclusion: Supporting individuals in a way that helps them live in communities among others
Why is social support especially important for people with DD? It is important because people with a DD have limited social skills
What year was the People First Group formed in Canada? 1974
What are the goals of self-advocacy movement? - Equality - Independence and control over decision making - Protection through legislated civil rights - The guarantee of basic human rights - Meaningful participation and citizenship
As a social movement self-advocacy is based on what understanding? That people with DD have been historically oppressed and deprived of social power
Who was largely responsible for de-institutionalization? Parents
What is the individual model of disability viewed as? A tragedy that someone has been afflicted with and suffers from
How is the social model of disability created? By the social, political, economic and material barriers that non-disabled people put in place
Describe the power of imbalance: A situation in which the Developmental Service Worker has more power in a relationship with the people they support, resulting in a condition that is unfair
List the 6 key elements of self-advocacy: 1 - Self-advocacy is about rights 2 - Involves responsibility 3 - Exercising rights and responsibilities involves risk 4 - Self-advocacy is about change 5 - Can take many forms 6 - Takes time
Created by: alyssasymons11
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