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Philosophy of Suppor

List reasons that work of all disability personnel is essential? to enable them to live in communities in ways that promote inclusion and quality of life
What roles do service organizations typically employ people with disabilities? in the form of managers/supervisors, policy makes, frontline practitioners and support staff
What is a frontline practitioner? Those who work most closely with individuals with developmental disabilities.
What is the role of frontline practitioner? -Important in ensuring that effective support is provided -most knowledgable about the characteristics and behaviours of the clients, -central figures in the multidisciplinary team needed to support the client
There was a massive increase of knowledge in developmental disability in the 18th century? True of False False it was the 20th-21st Century
List environmental causes/risks that may cause disabilities in children? Poor living conditions -inadequate food -health services -FAS -Isolation -Social living conditions
What are crucial elements in early infancy to prevent mild to severe disabilities? -Clean water -food -safe & supportive family
What was average life expectancy for individuals with Down syndrome in the 20th century? What is it currently? 11 in the 20th century and 55 years now
What are the generally accepted priorities for supports and services? - enabling and enhancing to quality of life - ethical and respectful - Integrated - Complete, timely, and efficient - Multidisciplinary - Sensitive to culture, religion, family structure, and social circumstances.
What is the current trend in support method for persons with disabilities? The trend is toward supporting and enabling individuals to become more responsible for their own development and to be key participants in the decision making process.
What has institutional care been replaced with in Ontario, other provinces and affluent countries/ A wide variety of rehabilitation and support systems based in the community.
Approximately, how many known cause of intellectual and developmental disabilities are there? 300
What has been emphasized since the 1990s to have a positive effect on employment and daily living? - Personal development - quality of life - Living a full, holistic lifestyle
How does service and supports provided vary in different regions? - population size - demographics - laws -policies - education
What needs to be take into account when provided support to enhance family well- being and the family ability to support the individual with a disability? Family quality of life
What role could you as a DSW professional play in enhancing family - well being effectively? - Have a clear understanding of family needs - Assist in obtaining funding and resources - Counseling - Practical support
abuse Action of behaviour that causes or has the potential to cause physical injury, psychological harm (or both) to a person with a DD. Includes physical, sexual, financial, emotional, verbal.
Individual Support Plan A written document that is developed by a service agency that identifies specific strategies that are to be utilized to support a person with a DD to achieve their goals, and the services/ supports that are t be provided to the person.
Mission Statement A written statement that describes a service agencies purpose or goal
Neglect Failure to provide person with DD the support and assistance that is required for their health safety or well-being
Police records check A record of a personas involvement with the police obtained through a search of police databases and shall include a review of the vulnerable sectors.
Behaviour support plan a document that is based on assessment that includes historical and current, biological and medical, psychological, social and environmental factors of the person with a DD that our outlines intervention strategies to be utilized.
Challenging behaviour Behaviour that is aggressive or injurious to self or others that has the potential to cause damage to property ( or both)
Crisis Situation A circumstance where an individual with a DD is displaying challenging behaviour that is new or intense.
Intrusive Behaviour A procedure or action taken on an individual due to their challenging behaviour such as CPI which is used as a last resort when the individual presents as an immediate risk of injuring themselves of someone else
Mechanical restraint A means of controlling behaviour that involves the use of a deuce or equipment to restrict movement
Positive behaviour intervention The use of "non-intrusive" behaviour management strategies such as behaviour modification programs to reward and promote the positive behaviour
Service principles A written statement that describes a service agencies service philosophy and their approach to service delivery
What is the difference between a criminal record check and a vulnerable sector check? A criminal record check includes criminal convictions, outstanding entrees, such as charges, warrants, conditional charges and a VSC is intended for applicants who are seeking volunteer and employment with agencies who require a criminal record check
By law, what is each service agency required to address part 1 - Promote social inclusion, individual choice, independence and rights - Develop individual support plans for each client - Assist clients with managing their finances - Health promotion, medical services, & medication - Service records
By law what is each service agency required to address part 2 - Abuse prevention and reporting policies must be reviewed on a regular basis - Notification of incidents and abuse - Confidentiality and privacy -Safety around the agency (property) - Safety and security of persons with DDs - Human resource practice
How long is an agency required to keep a persons record 7 years
What will each clients record include? - Client application for Developmental services and supports - Supports intensity scale needs assessment - Individual support plan
Humanitarianism The promotion of human welfare
What programs were set up as a result of humanitarianism? - educational programs ( schools) and whole lifestyle programs (communities or hospitals -
The first institution for people with disabilities in Ontario was located where? what year ? Orillia in 1876
How many government operated institutions did Ontario have by the mid 1970s? 19
When did all Ontario institutions for persons with developmental disabilities close? March 2009
Explain "Eugenic Alarm" - A set of beliefs that DD's and criminality were closely related ad that both were inherited - Individuals were thought to be inferior and potentially dangerous
What was the role of institutions when they first opened? - Provide a good diet - Exercise - Medical care - Skill development
Name 3 things that the "model" self supporting communities provided in the beginning of the 20th century? - work - training - social support
In the mid 1970s normalization philosophy was introduced. How did this change lifestyles of people with DDs? Made them blend into the larger culture and live as closely as possible to the ways "normal" people live , self determined and person directed.
What does MCSS stand for? The ministry of community and social standards
In 1995 what % of adults with DDs receiving MCSS services lived with families? 46%
The quality of life project inquired about nine aspects of lifestyle what are they? 1. Where do people life 2. what are people homes life 3. what are people able to do 4. going to community places and event 5. occupational activities 6. financial support 7. services people get 8. health 9. friends, family ad other people
What does self- determination mean? ability to have control over ones life and destiny. self directed and goal.
What is person directed planning? Promoting self determination require promoting and a system that encourages people with DDs to make their own choices about their lifestyle
Inclusion? living in, enjoying , being accepted and valued by others
Why is social support especially important for people with developmental disabilities? Because people with developmental disabilities have limited skills
What year was the People First Group formed in Canada? 1974
What are the goals of the self- advocacy movement? - Equality - Independence and control over decision making - Protection through legislated civil rights - The guarantee of base human rights - Meaningful participation and citizenship
As a social movement self- advocacy is based on what understanding? That people with DDs have been historically oppressed and deprived of social power?
Who was largely responsible for de-institutionalization? Parents
What is the individual model of disability viewed as ? A tragedy that someone has been afflicted with and suffers from , negative , something wrong
How is the social model of disability created? by the social, political, economic and material barriers that non disabled people put into place
The power of imbalance A situation in which the DSW has more power in a relationship with the people they support, resulting in condition that is unfair
Six key element of self- advocacy 1. self advocacy is about rights 2. involves responsibility 3. excreting rights and responsibilities involves risk 4. about change 5. can take many forms 6. takes time
Created by: Jessiejames



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