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Am. History-March

Temperance/Jefferson Democracy

QuestionAnswer
Who led the Temperance Movement? the American Temperance Union and religious leaders
What was the goal of the Temperance Movement? To eliminate alcohol abuse
What was the reason for the Temperance Movement? Alcohol abuse led to crime, poverty, and abuse of family.
What is temperance? Restraint when using alcohol, abstinence from alcohol
What is poverty? The state or condition of being poor.
Who was William Lloyd Garrison? An American abolitionist, journalist, suffragist, and social reformer who helped lead the successful abolitionist campaign against slavery in the United States.
Who was Sojourner Truth Sojourner Truth (Isabella Baumfree) was an African-American abolitionist and women's rights activist.
Who was Frederick Douglas? A spokesperson for the anti-slavery cause. Escaped from slavery 1838
What was the Jeffersonian Democracy? A government for the people by capable, well-educated leaders with a limited government power. Advocated for democracy in political life.
How did the Jeffersonian Democracy help farmers? It championed the cause of the farmer in helping to maintain the agricultural society. Jefferson had a deep appreciation of farming, in his mind the most virtuous and meaningful human activity.
What was the Jacksonian Democracy? A government by the people. Advocated for democracy in political, social, and economic life.
How did the Jacksonian Democracy help farmers and workers? It focused on an agricultural and industrial society. They sought to restore the independence of the individual (especially farmers and workers) by ending federal support of banks and corporations and restricting the use of paper currency.
What does it mean that Andrew Jackson "cleaned house" when he became president? He fired many government officials and replaced them with his friends who had been loyal to him.
What is the "spoils system?" From the Roman saying, "to the victor go the spoils," those who win reward those who helped them.
Who were the two candidates in the election of 1824? Andrew Jackson and John Quincy Adams
Who won the election of 1824 and to what political party did he belong? John Quincy Adams, Whig party (later became Republican party)
To what party did Andrew Jackson belong? Democrat
What was the difference in Jackson's democrats and Adams's Republicans? The Democrats supported the ordinary man (farmers, laborers) and their rights and minimized government power. The Republicans supported building a strong government with nationally financed internal improvements and a protective tariff.
What was unique about the presidential election of 1824? The candidate (Andrew Jackson) who won the most electoral votes and popular vote did not win.
What was the "corrupt bargain?" Because no candidate received a majority of electoral votes, the House elected John Quincy Adams President. It was believed that Henry Clay, (Speaker of the House), convinced Congress to elect Adams, who then made Clay his Secretary of State.
Created by: rvotaw