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SS AG Review 1-2

peninsula area of land nearly surrounded by water
harbor a sheltered place along a coast
Polis what city states were called in AG
acropolis polis built around a large hill where city residents could seek safety in times of war
agora a marketplace and meeting place
Oligarchy when a small group of the richest, most powerful citizens controlled the decision making
Monarchy ruled by one ruler, king
Democracy when citizens vote to make government decisions
olives & grapes became major crops grew well in rocky, hilly areas
Olive oil became a prized export a. people loved the flavor it gave food b. used as lamp fuel c. used as body lotion
Boys in Sparta 1) At age 7 started training 2) Learned to read and write 3) Most of their time was spent training to be a soldier
Boys in Athens a. Worked part of each day with fathers b. Studied reading and writing in school if parents could afford it c. Practiced wrestling or boxing after school
Girls in Sparta 1) At age 7 started training 2) Practiced running, throwing spears, and played ball games 3) Girls trained to be strong mothers of strong children
Girls in Athens a. Did not practice sports b. Stayed home to help mothers c. Encouraged to keep quiet
Government in Athens a. First an oligarchy, until poorer citizens demanded a say in gov. b. Nobles were forced to share power c. Democracy created
Shared Culture 1) believed many gods & goddesses ruled the world & lived on Mt. Olympus 2) Each polis honored at least 1 god or goddess 3) everyone worshipped Zeus- most powerful god 4) came together to compete in Olympic games 5) loved to hear Homer's stories
Created by: mstanislavsky



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