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Chapter 14

Foreign Policy

5 goals of foreign policy National security, free and open trade, world peace, supporting democracy, and providing aid to people in need.
isolationism to stay out of the affairs of other nations
internationalist promoting relationships with nations
Neoisolationism semi-isolating policy with only getting involved with other nations when it benefits us.
Embassies diplomatic centers in other countries.
Treaties signed agreements between nations.
Defense alliances agreements to come to another nation’s aid in the event of an attack
Economic Sanctions restricting imports, exports, or financial transactions, or by banning trade with other countries
just war theory a state may justly-or fairly- go to war under certain specific circumstances and must limit its conduct according to certain standards.
Department of State leading US foreign policy agency
Department of Defense supervises the military activities of the nations and advises the president
Central Intelligence Agency Collects, evaluates, and distributes foreign intelligence to help the president.
idealism takes the internationalist approach to foreign policy that takes in account the interests of other countries also
liberalism an internationalist approach that takes into count the defense of human rights in the guiding light of idealism
United Nations a peace keeping organizations that helps maintain peace and security, and develops friendly relation and cooperation among other nations.
6 Major divisions of the United Nations The General Assembly, the Economic and Social Council, the International Court of Justice, the Trusteeship Council, and the Scretariat
World Trade Organization a organization that works to ensure equal-access trade among countries that make up about 97% of the worlds trade
international monetary fund helps almost all world nations with monetary issues when their economies are stuck in debt
World Bank works with assisting developing nations that need to meet certain economic goals, such as road construction or agriculture.
International Criminal Court This this considered “a count of last resort” and hears cases that UN member nations cannot or will not prosecute, as well as cases referred by the UN Security Council.
International Tribunals These were formed before the existence the International Criminal Court to prosecute specific atrocities in Yugoslavia and Rwanda and will expire when their work is complete.
Monroe Doctrine US proclaims that they will stay neutral in the conflict happening in Europe, and Europe nations need not to colonized any areas in the western hemisphere (North & South American). If they did then the US would response with military force.
Détente it means a relaxing of tensions from the Cold War. This happens after the Fall of the Soviet Union
Containment the containing of communism
deterrence a policy of building up the US armed forces to discourage acts of military aggression by other nations. This in a large part was directed at the Soviet Union
preemptive strike doctrine US invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq following the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks are another point of contention, although the US considered both actions part of the policy
Democratization the establishment of democratic governments has been apart of the current US foreign policy.
Created by: sdevans