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Sociology ch5

QuestionAnswer
the transmission of genetic Characteristics from parents to children Heredity
The internalized attitudes, expectations, and viewpoints of society Generalized Other
A setting in which people are isolated from the rest of society for a set period of time and are subject to the control of officials or varied ranks Total Institution
Our conscious awareness of possessing a distinct identity that separates us from other members of society. Self
A primary group composed of individuals of roughly equal age and social characteristics. Peer Group
Taking or pretending to take the role of others Role Taking
The sum total of behaviors, attitudes, beliefs, and values that are characteristics of an individual. Personality
A person's socialized self ME
An unchanging,biologically inherited behavior pattern Instinct
Specific people, such as parents, brothers, sisters, other relatives, and friends, who have a direct influence on our socialization. Significant Others
The interactive process through which individuals learn the basic skills, values, beliefs, and behavior patterns of the society. Socializion
The interactive process by which we develop an image of ourselves based on how we imagine er appear to others. Looking-glass self
Theorist: Charles Cooley (1864-1929) Theory: Person's self under is constructed in part by there perception. Meaning: we imagine how we appear to others. Second, based on their reactions to us, we attempt to deterime weather others view us as we view our self.
Theorist: George Herbert Mead (1863-1931) Theory: Identity is developed through social interaction Meaning: a persons life is figured out if someone takes to them
Our conscious awareness of possessing a distinct identity that separates us from other members of society. Looking Glass Self
Person who developed the concepts of the I and ME George Mead
Allows us to anticipate what others expect of us and to see ourselves through the eyes of others Role Taking
Examples include military boot camps and prisons Total Institution
Interactive process through which we develop an image of ourselves based on how we imagine we appear to others Looking Glass Self
Persons who used the term tabula rosa to describe newborn children John Locke
specific individuals, groups, and institutions that provide the situations in which socialization can occur agents of socialization
part of the identity that is aware of the expectations and attitudes of society ME
includes altering a person's style of dress, hairstyle, speech, and freedom of movement. Resocialization
Unsocialized, spontaneous, self-interested component of our personalities I
capacity to learn a particular skill or acquire a particular body of knowledge aptitude
people who have direct influence on our socialization Significant others
internalized attitudes, expectations, and viewpoints of society generalized other
unchanging, biologically inherited behavior pattern instinct
systematic study of the biological basis of all social behavior sociobiology
involves a break with past experiences and the learning of new values and norms resocialization
transmission of genetic characteristics from parents to children heredity
interactive process through which people learn the basic skills, values, beliefs, and behavior patterns of society socialization
Northern Ugandan group of people who were negatively affected by the change in their cultural enviroment the IK
sum total of behaviors, attitudes, beliefs, and values characteristic of an individual Personality
A setting in which people are isolated from the rest of society for a set period of time and are subject to the control of others Total institution
The person who developed the concept of the looking glass self Charles Cooley
the debate concerning the importance of heredity versus the environment in the development of personality is called the Nature-nurture debate
The influence on an individual's personality determined by the presence and number of brothers and sisters known as Birth order
the studies of Genie, Isabelle, and Anna point to the fact that healthy social development depends on... Human interaction
Research on children raised in orphanages has found that Children raised in institutions display characteristics similar to children raised in isolation.
Sociologists believe the personality development is affected by all of the following factors EXCEPT Instincts
Sociologist Kingsley Davis is best known for his studies of Children raised in insolation
Primary group composed of people of roughly equal age and social characteristics Peer Group
Most important agent of socialization in almost every society Family
First agent of socialization that people usually encounter Family
Includes television, newspapers, magazines, and films Mass media
Transmits values such as patriotism, responsibility, and citizenship Schools
usually becomes important in adolescence and early adulthood Peers
Most controversial agent of socialization Media
Uses extracurricular activities to train people for life in the larger School
Created by: 20heathm
 

 



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