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unit 8

german and italian unification & latin american revolution

Why were Europeans upset with the Congress of Vienna? The Europeans were upset with the way in which the national boundaries were redrawn since it reinforced regional divisions, installed foreign control, and restored conservative monarchies
What was the purpose of the revolutions of 1848? To create meaningful reform regarding national boundaries and establish a balance in power
What country avoided revolution in 1848 and why? Britain was unaffected by Napoleon's conquest and the Congress of Vienna because of its powerful army
How did Giuseppe Garibaldi help Italian unification? By overthrowing the monarchy in the Southern Italian Peninsula through military conquest by the "Red Shirts"
How did Count Camilo de Cavour help Italian unification? By unifying Northern Italy and conquering the Papal States
What war brought the Papal States into “Italy”? The Franco-Prussian War
Why were the Papal States the last to unify with “Italy”? The Pope controlled the Papal States and had troops protecting him
What was the “Risorgimento”? Italian unification
Who was Otto von Bismarck? Chancellor of the German Empire who orchestrated the Franco-Prussian War and unified Germany
What is “realpolitik”? The political philosophy inspired by Otto von Bismarck that suggests politics should be based on practicality, efficiency, and efficacy rather than morality or idealism
What was the nickname of Simon Bolivar? The Liberator
What countries did Simon Bolivar liberate? Bolivia, Columbia, Peru, and Ecuador
Who is the father of Mexican Independence? Father Miguel Hidalgo
Who were the peninsulares? Spaniards born in Spain
Who were the creoles and why did they rebel? Children of the peninsulares, born in the Americas Creoles were not appointed to government positions
Who is the father of Haitian Independence? Toussaint L'Ouverture
What was unique about the Haitian Revolution? It was a slave rebellion
What was the purpose of the Monroe Doctrine? To recognize Latin American independent countries and protect the Western Hemisphere from European colonization
Created by: mytutorfriend