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Unit 8

German and Italian Unification & Latin American Revolution

Why were Europeans upset with the Congress of Vienna? They were upset with the way the national boundaries were redrawn for the "balance of powers"
What was the purpose of the revolutions of 1848? The purpose was to create unification
What country avoided revolution in 1848 and why? England, Britain, and the United Kingdom avoided revolution because of the geographic distance
How did Giuseppe Garibaldi help Italian Unification? He expelled Spanish Bourbons from South Italy through the "Red Shirts" Allied with Cavour to unify South and North Italy Overthrew South monarchy and gave to Victor Emmanuel II
How did Count Cavour help Italian Unification? Unified North Italy with political manipulation Allied with both France and Prussia during Franco-Prussian war
What war brought the Papal States into "Italy"? The Franco-Prussian war
Why were the Papal States the last to unify with "Italy"? Papal States was under the Pope's authority
What was the "Risorgimento"? The process of the movement of the Italian Unification
Who was Otto Von Bismarck? Prime minister of Prussia Brought Germany to unification using realpolitik and manipulations
What is "realpolitik"? That Political philosophy should be based on praitical reasoning
What was the nickname of Simon Bolivar? El Liberator (The Liberator)
What countries did Simon Bolivar liberate? North of South America Bolivia, Peru, Columbia, Ecuador, Venezuela, Panama
Who is the father of Mexican Independence? Father Miguel Hidalgo
Who were the peninsulares? Spaniards born in spain
Who were creoles and why did they rebel? Americans with Spanish parents Rebelled because of unfair treatment
Who is the father of Haitian Independence? Toussaint L'ouverture
What was unique about the Haitian Revolution? France abolished slavery
What was the purpose of the Monroe Doctrine? To protect the United States out of conflict with Europe
Created by: cindyduong



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