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Causes and Effects of the Age of Discovery
|Who was Prince Henry the Navigator?
|The prince of Portugal who created a school of navigation souring on the Age of Exploration
|Why did Europeans set sail to explore?
|To create empire, to search of new markets and economic opportunities and to spread Christianity
|Who was Vasco De Gama?
|Portuguese sailor who circumnavigated Africa to reach Asia.
|Who was Christopher Columbus?
|Spanish sailor from Italy who sailed West to get East & "discovered" Americas in the process
|Who was Hernando Cortes?
|A Spanish conquistador who conquered the Aztec Empire in modern-day Mexico
|Who was Francisco Pizarro?
|A Spanish conquistador who conquered the Incan civilization of Andean Peru and Chile
|Who was Ferdinand Magellan?
|Spanish mariner who is credited as the first to circumnavigate the Earth.
|Who was Sir Francis Drake?
|The first Englishman credited with circumnavigating the Earth
|Who was Jacques Cartier?
|A French mariner who navigated into the St. Lawrence River in hopes of finding a Northwest passage
|What was the Old World?
|Europe, Africa, and Asia
|What was the New World?
|What was the Colombian Exchange?
|The biological and cultural exchange between the Old and New Worlds instigated by the voyages of Columbus
|What went from the Old to New World in the Columbian Exchange?
|Largely diseases and livestock, but some agricultural products, like citrus, as well
|What went from the New World to the Old World in the Columbian Exchange?
|Agricultural products like tobacco, peanuts, corn, cotton, etc
|What legacy did the colonial governments of Latin America leave?
|A rigid social class system and a dictatorial form of government
|What caused the African slave trade?
|The death of the indigenous population of the Americas
|What was Triangular Trade?
|The trade of goods between Europe, Africa, and the Americas-from Europe, manufactured goods, from Africa slaves, and from Americas raw materials
|How did the African slave trade affect Africa?
|Depleted their populations of the fittest members of society & led to inter-tribal warfare
|What was mercantilism?
|Monopolistic trade system between mother country and colonies benefiting the mother country
|What was the Commercial Revolution?
|The advent of banking, financing, and mercantilism which led to economic growth in Europe
|What was the Middle Passage?
|The journey of African slave ships across the Atlantic to the Americas