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Chapter 14

QuestionAnswer
clipper ship ship with sleek hulls and tall sails that "clipped" time from long journeys
innovation a new development or invention
telegraph a device that used electric signals to send messages
transform to change significantly
Morse Code a system of dots and dashes that represent the alphabet
John Deere inventor of the steel plow
Cyrus McCormick inventor of the mechanical reaper
trade union group of workers with the same trade, or skill
strike a work stoppage by employees as a protest against an employer
prejudice an unfair opinion not based on facts
discrimination unfair treatment
famine an extreme shortage of food
nativist person opposed to immigration
liscense to give an official authority to do something
Know-Nothing Party political party that demanded strict citizenship laws
productivity a measure of how much a worker can produce with a given amount of time and effort
domestic slave trade the trade of enslaved people among states of the United States
process to prepare
consequence result
yeoman farmer who owns a small farm
overseer plantation manager
spiritual an African American religious folk song
legal permitted by law
slave code laws in Southern state that controlled enslaved people
brief short
Underground Railroad a system of cooperation to aid and house enslaved people who had escaped
literacy the ability to read and write
Created by: leonh
 

 



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