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study stack unit 3

Who was Prince Henry the Navigator? The prince of Portugal who created a school of navigation souring on the Age of Exploration
Why did Europeans set sails to explore? To create an empire, to search of new markets and economic opportunities
Who was Vasco de Gama? Portuguese sailor who circumnavigated Africa to reach Asia.
Who was Christopher Columbus? Spanish sailor from Italy who sailed West to get East and "discovered" Americas in the process
Who was Hernando Cortes? A Spanish conquistador who conquered the Aztec empire in modern-day Mexico
Who was Francisco Pizarro? A Spanish conquistador who conquered the Incan civilization of Andean Peru and Chile
Who was Ferdinand Magellan? Spanish mariner who is credited as the first to circumnavigate the Earth
Who was Sir Francis Drake? The first Englishman credited with circumnavigating the Earth
Who was Jacques Cartier A French mariner who navigated into the St. Lawrence River in hopes of finding a northwest passage
What was the Old World? Europe, Africa, and Asia
What was the New World? The Americas
What was the Columbian Exchange? The biological and cultural exchange between the Old and New Worlds instigated by the voyages of Columbus
What went from the Old to New World in the Columbian Exchange? Largely diseases and livestock, but some agricultural products, like citrus, as well
What went from New World to the Old World? Agricultural products like tobacco, peanuts, corn, cotton, etc.
What legacy did the colonial governments of Latin America leave? A rigid social class system and a dictatorial form of government
What caused the African slave trade? The death of the indigenous population of the Americas
What was the Middle Passage? the journey of African slave ships across the Atlantic to the Americas
What was the Triangular Trade? The trade of goods between Europe, Africa, and the Americas; from Europe, manufactured goods, from Africa slaves, and from the Americas raw materials.
How did the African slave trade affect Africa? Depleted their population of the fittest members of society and led to intertribal warfare
What was mercantilism? monopolistic trade system between mother country and colonies benefiting the mother country
What was the Commercial Revolution? The advent of banking, financing, and mercantilism which led to economic growth in Europe
Created by: lees21