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Human Body Test!

QuestionAnswer
Which system includes the lungs, nasal cavity, pharynx, trachea, and larynx? Respiratory
What are the functions of the skin? Helps regulate body temperature, protection, gets rid of waste, and sensory; mainly to protect your skin
Which system functions to aid in movement of the bones? muscular
What type of muscle tissue is found only in the heart? cardiac muscle
What does the integumentary system help regulate? Body temperature
What is the relationship between tissues and organs? organs are made of tissues
Which system are bones a part of? skeletal
Which system produces red blood cells which deliver oxygen to the cells of the body? skeletal
Which organ system gets rid of cellular waste products through sweat glands? integumentary
Which body system is primarily responsible for removing waste products? Urinary/excretory
Which organ helps mammals eliminate bodily waste? kidney
______ carry blood to the heart, whereas ______ carry blood away from the heart. Veins Arteries
What is the difference between mechanical and chemical digestion Mechanical digestion breaks down food using peristalsis while chemical digestion uses enzymes to break down food.
Which system are the intestines a part of? digestive lungs? Respiratory heart? circulatory stomach? digestive
Which system pumps blood, which carries nutrients and oxygen, to cells in the body? Cardiovascular/circulatory
Which two systems include blood from the heart and air in the lungs and work together? Cardiovascular and the respiratory
What is the pathway that correctly describes the movement of blood? heart>lungs>heart>body>heart
What is an organ system? A group of organs that work together to perform body functions and serves the needs of cells. Give an example. The cardiovascular system pumps blood, which carries nutrients and oxygen, to cells in the body.
What carries carbon dioxide to the lungs and transports oxygen to cells in all parts of the body? blood
What would happen if blood did not contain red blood cells? The blood would not be able to carry oxygen.
What is the process where oxygen moves from a higher concentration in the lungs to a lower concentration in the blood stream? diffusion
Which muscle contracts to begin the process of inhalation? diaphragm
Which system transports oxygen and nutrients to the cells, maintains homeostasis and removes wastes from the body? cardiovascular
What are the main components that make up blood? red blood cells, white blood cells, plasma, and platelets
What is the primary function of the digestive system? to digest food so that it can be used by the body
What are the five main parts of the cardiovascular system? capillaries, veins, arteries, blood, and heart
How do the lungs help serve the needs of cells? getting rid of CO2
What would occur if the respiratory system malfunctioned? cells would not receive oxygen and energy production would decrease
Which type of blood vessel carries blood to the heart? veins
Which parts of the digestive tract does food physically pass through? mouth, esophagus, stomach, intestines, rectum
In what part of the body does most chemical digestion take place? small intestine
Which systems help eliminate waste and which do not help eliminate waste in the body? Respiratory, urinary/excretory, cardiovascular, digestive, Skeletal, muscular, and nervous systems do not
Which organ absorbs most of the nutrients in food? Small intestines
Someone touches your shoulder and you turn around. What sequence do your impulses follow? sensory neuron, CNS response, motor neuron
Which system releases adrenaline and prepares a student to run? endocrine system
What two organs make up the central nervous system? brain and spinal cord
What is the correct sequence of events that happens in the urinary system? A large artery brings blood into the kidney, Water and other substances are forced out of the blood and into the nephron, Water and some substances are reabsorbed back into the blood, Cleaned blood leaves the kidney through the renal vein.
What role do teeth play in the digestive system They begin mechanical digestion
What is the function of the muscular, nervous, digestive, and respiratory systems? The muscular system is movement and flexibility, nervous system is similar to the nucleus because they both provide directions and control daily activities, digestive break down food to be used by the body, respiratory take in oxygen and expel carbon dio.
Which organ systems do white blood cells serve when they fight off foreign invaders such as bacteria and viruses? immune and lymphatic
Which organ system serves to deliver glucose to cells of the body so they can generate energy (ATP)? Circulatory/ cardiovascular
Which organ system serves the needs of the cells by breaking down complex carbohydrates into simple sugars such as glucose? digestive
What is the process by which an organism's internal environment is kept stable in spite of changes in the external environment? homeostasis
Skin and hair gets its color from ______________. melanin
What do the sweat glands in the skin aid in? regulation of body temperature
Muscles are connected to bones by strands of tough connective tissue called ___________. tendons
What tissue in the chicken wing is commonly referred to as "the meat"? muscle
When oil combines with dead skin cells and bacteria. The openings in the skin get clogged. This causes _______. acne
Smooth and Cardiac muscle tissue are __________ muscles, while skeletal muscle is a _________ muscle. involuntary voluntary
What is a joint? The place where two bones meet. The hollow space in the middle of bones is filled with marrow (where red blood cells are made).
Created by: averyrcole
 

 



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