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Shinto the traditional religion of Japan
Prince Shotku One of the most influential in bringing Chinese to Japan
Regent a person who rules a country for someone who is unable to rule alone
Court a group of nobles who live near and serve or advise a ruler
Lady Murasaki Shikibu One of the greatest writers in early Japanese history.
Zen New form of Buddhism focusing on self-discipline and meditation, or quiet thinking.
What types of landforms cover most of Japan? mountains
How did Japan's location tie to China and Korea? Those short distances allowed the older Korean and Chinese influence the new culture of Japan.
How did the Yamato rulers gain power? They built armies up and set out to conquer. They claimed to have a glorious family histoy.
What was one of the first things the Japanese learned from China and Korea? language
Where did Japan's court move in the late 700s? Heian
Why are the 800s to the 1100s considered a golden age for Japanese literature and art? The nobles of the court loved beauty and elegance. They were supporters of the arts.
Why do you think women in Heian had more rights and freedoms than women in other societies? Many women wrote in the Japanese language while the men wrote in Chinese. The women were highly educated.
What new form of Buddhism developed in Japan? Zen
How was religion among Japan's nobles different from the religion of the common people? The nobles' religion reflected their love of elaborate rituals. Although just as religious, most of the common people didn't have the time or the money for the rituals.
Why was Pure Land Buddhism popular with common people? It did not require any special rituals.
daimyo landowners
samurai trained professional warriors
figurehead a person who appears to rule even though real power rests with someone else
shogun a general who ruled Japan in the emperor's name
Bushido samurai code of rules
Why did samurai take up pursuits like flower arranging? To improve discipline and concentration
Who invaded Japan in the 1270s and 1280s? China, the Mongols



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