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Flashcards 17,18, 22

TermDefinition
17a.) Pharaoh • King or queen of Egypt. • Translates to “Great House”. • Were gods, & responsible for the well being of people. • Responsibilities included: making laws, collecting taxes, performing rituals, overseeing constructions, & being a military leader.
17b.) Government Officials • 2nd on the Social Pyramid. • Work with pharaoh.  • Vizier - advised the pharaoh & appointed officials.  • Chief Treasurer - collected taxes. • General of the Armies - 2nd in command behind pharaoh, created alliances.
17c.) Priests • 3rd on the Social Pyramid. • Are in charge of temples, religious rituals, & oversaw mummification's. • High Priest - advised the pharaoh. • Temple Priest - in charge of temples. • Other Priests - took care of day to day tasks.
17d.) Scribes • 4th on the Social Pyramid. • Were Egypt's writers and record keepers. • Most worked for the government or priests and nobles. • All were men. • Provided opportunity for social mobility.
17e.) Artisans • 5th on the Social Pyramid. • Were highly skilled laborers who rarely received recognition. • They were: stone carvers, carpenters, jewelers, leather workers, and metal workers.
17f.) Peasants • 6th (Last) on the Social Pyramid. • Were considered unskilled laborers. • Egypt depended on them. • Their lives were controlled by the Nile. • Worked on royal projects, planted crops, and collected crops.
18.) What were the 3 seasons in Egypt? • AKHET. • PERET. • SHEMU.
18.) What is AKHET and what occurred then? • Flooding Season. • They worked on royal projects.
18.) What is PERET and what occurred then? • Planting Season. • They planted their wheat and barley.
18.) What is SHEMU and what occurred then? • Harvest Season. • They cut down and collected their crops.
22.) Valley of the Kings • Pharaohs’ cemetery on the west side of the Nile River. • After the tradition of pyramid building was over, they built tombs in this location. • The tombs here were dug into the sides of mountains.
Created by: cdavidso
 

 



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