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America Comes of Age

Pearson Vocabulary

TermDefinition
16th Amendment "... gave Congress the power to levy an income tax, a direct tax, without regard to the populations of any of the States."
18th Amendment "... outlawed the making, selling, transporting, importing, or exporting of alcoholic beverages in the United States."
19th Amendment "No person can be denied the right to vote in any election in the United States on account of his or her sex."
calamity an event causing great and often sudden damage or distress; a disaster
dynamic (of a process or system) characterized by constant change, activity, or progress, or (of a person) positive in attitude and full of energy and new ideas
intensify to become strong or more extreme
squander waste (something, especially money or time) in a reckless and foolish manner
disenfranchise deprived of power; marginalize, deprive (someone) of a right or privilege or deprive someone the right to vote
dominate to have a commanding influence on; exercise control over, or to be the most important or conspicuous person
fluctuate to rise and fall irregularly in number or amount; to vary, to shift
annex add (territory) to one's own territory by appropriation; to gain control of a land
successor a person or thing that follows another
superiority a supercilious manner or attitude; the belief that you are better and/or stronger than others
obselete no longer produced or used; out of date
reluctant unwilling and hesitant; disinclined; feeling or showing doubt about something
rigor the quality of being extremely thorough, exhaustive, or accurate; demanding, difficult, or extreme conditions; hardship
stipulate demand or specify (a requirement), typically as part of a bargain or agreement
devised plan or invent (a complex procedure, system, or mechanism) by careful thought
muckraker socially conscious journalists and other writers that dramatized the need for social reform in the early 1900's
progressivism the belief that new ideas and honest, efficient government could bring about social justice
referendum allowed citizens to approve or reject laws passed by a legislature
temperance movement led by women who hoped to improve family life, this promoted the practice of never drinking alcohol
Americanization teaching immigrants English, how to dress like the white middle class, what to eat and general cutoms
yellow press (yellow journalism) the use of sensationalized headlines and pictures and exaggerated stories which fueled American jingoism in the late 1800's
"big stick" diplomacy dependence on a strong military to achieve America's imperialistic goals
Created by: Ms. Marshall