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Sci Rev & Enlighten

The Scientific Revolution A period of great advances in science that changed the way people thought about the physical world around them
Nicolaus Copernicus Developed the heliocentric theory: the sun is the center and that the earth revolves around it
Johannes Kepler Proved planets revolve around the sun in elliptical orbits and planets move faster closer to the sun
Galileo Galilei By using an improved telescope; he announced that Jupiter had moons which supported the heliocentric theory
Isaac Newton He figured out that there is a force he called ‘gravity’ which creates planetary orbits.
Scientific Method A method of using observation, experiments, and careful reason to gain new knowledge
Francis Bacon He developed the use of inductive reasoning
Inductive reasoning Takes specific information and makes a broader generalization that is considered probable; “Specific to General”
Rene Descartes Believed in deductive reasoning
Deductive Reasoning Based on premises and if the premises are true, then the reasoning will be valid; “General to Specific”
Adam Smith Economic philosopher who believed in free trade & free market and that the government should not control the economy
Mary Wollstonecraft Social philosopher who believed that women were equal in their ability to reason as men and women needed equal access to education to be equal in society
Absolute Monarchs traditional rulers who had all the power and believed they got the right to rule from God
Thomas Hobbes He believed people are evil and need absolute monarchs
John Locke He believed that it was the government's job was to protect the people's natural rights
Natural Rights Life, Liberty, and Property
Montesquieu He believed that there should be three separate, equal branches of government
Three Branches of Government Executive, Legislative, Judicial
Rousseau He believed that there should be a social contract between the government and the people. If the people's rights are not protected; the people can form a new government
Voltaire He believed in the separation of Church and State
Tolerance If there is separation of church and state, people will allow for different people to have and express different beliefs
American Revolution 1776; Colonists vs. British
French Revolution 1789; Commoners vs. King
Created by: crogalny
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