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part 3 rg 1
|What is the contribution Nicholas Copernicus made?
|Proposes heliocentric theory On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres
|Nicholas Copernicus Challenge to traditional way of perceiving universe
|Disproves the theory of geocentric universe
|What is the contribution Tycho Brahe made?
|Builds observatory, observes comet that passes through the "crystals" between the planets and crystalline spheres
|Tycho Brahe Challenge to traditional way of perceiving the universe?
|disproves the crystalline sphere theory
|What is the contribution Johannes Kepler made?
|Discovers that planets move in elliptical orbits
|Johannes Kepler Challenge to traditional way of perceiving the universe
|Dispels the idea that planets move in perfect circular orbits
|What is the contribution Galileo Galilei made?
|Observations made through the telescope in The Starry Messenger reveal that the celestial bodies have imperfections(moon has craters, Jupiter has moons, sun has spots)
|Galileo Gallilei Challenge to traditional way of perceiving the universe
|Dispels idea that heavenly bodies are perfect/unblemished
|What is the contribution Sir Isaac Newton made?
|Formulates mechanical laws of motion to explain why planets orbit rather than fly into space or crash into the sun in Principia Mathematica (1687)
|Sir Isaac Newton Challenge to traditional way of perceiving the universe
|his idea of universal laws of motion dispels the idea that there is a separate set of laws that govern the heavens and the Earth