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Cold War

Ms. Beasley's Unit 5 Vocabulary Terms

First leader of the Soviet Union; started the Berlin Blockade and refused to allow democracy into his country and territories. Joseph Stalin
President of the United States at the start of the Cold War; his beliefs were to do whatever was necessary to contain communism, including provide money, resources and aid to struggling European nations. Harry S. Truman
Prime Minister of Great Britain; he outlined the idea of an "iron curtain" to describe the split and tension in Europe; was a close all of the U.S. Winston Churchill
President of the United States during the Cuban Missile Crisis; worked efficiently to end that crisis; was assassinated a year later. John F. Kennedy
Communist leader of Cuba; suspicious of U.S. intentions after the attempted Bay of Pigs invasion; welcomed the Soviet Union's missiles and help in his country. Fidel Castro
Crisis caused by the Soviet blockade of West Berlin; the U.S. provided supplies using planes in an attempt to contain the spread of communism into the area. Berlin Blockade and airlift
In an attempt to contain communism in Asia, the U.S. supported the South in this conflict. Ended in a stalemate and both countries remain divided at the 38th parallel. Korean War
A 13- day crisis that nearly erupted into nuclear war between the U.S. and the USSR. Was resolved through diplomacy and agreements for both sides to remove missiles. Cuban Missile Crisis
A failed attempt by the U.S. to overthrow the Cuban government after it became a communist nation. Caused tension between governments and led to the Cuban Missile Crisis. Bay of Pigs Invasion
The nonviolent conflict between the U.S. and Soviet Union that lasted from 1947-1991. Cold War
An imaginary line that demonstrated the division between communist eastern Europe and democratic western Europe after WWII. Iron Curtain
The U.S. plan to provide money, resources and aid to struggling European nations after WWII in order to keep them from turning to communism. Marshall Plan
The competition between the U.S. and Soviet Union for greatest achievement in space exploration and technology. Space Race
The tactic of pushing an enemy close to war in order to get them to back off or give in to pressure. Brinkmanship
The belief that the U.S. should help the nations of Greece and Turkey resist communism by providing support and aid as needed. Truman Doctrine
The physical divider of East and West Berlin constructed in 1961 to keep people in East Berlin. Berlin Wall
The competition between the U.S. and Soviet Union for superiority in nuclear weapons. Arms Race
The policy that said if the U.S. used nuclear weapons against the Soviet Union, then the Soviet Union would retaliate and use nuclear weapons on the U.S. Mutual Assured Destruction
The policy intended to keep communism where it was. Containment
The Military alliance created by western nations to protect themselves for communist forces. NATO
The dividing line between North and South Korea; the Demilitarized Zone is located here and still exists today. 38th Parallel
Created by: crbeasley
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