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HNRS CH. 12 TST 2017

Mr. Stickler's Liberty Christian HNRS HIST Ch. 12 Test Flashcards 2017

Complete the following sentence: "____________ was the name for the European rebellion against Enlightenment reason, (which) stressed the heart over the mind . . ." Romanticism.
What does the term "Transcendentalism" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "a philosophy that stresses the primacy of the spiritual over the empirical and material".
What was the "2nd Great Awakening"? This was a series of religious revivals that began with changes in Protestant theology in the 1790's. (PwrPnt. Notes)
What was considered the "center" of the "new Protestant theology" that began the "2nd Great Awakening"? Yale University was considered the center of this. (PwrPnt notes)
List the two (2) things that the "new Protestant theology" of the "2nd Great Awakening" stressed. 1.) Individuals must pursue their own salvation; 2.) People have the "free will" to choose salvation for themselves (it was not "predestined"). (PwrPnt Notes.)
Who became the leader of the "new liberalizing Protestant theology" of the "2nd Great Awakening"? Timothy Dwight was the leader of this theology. (PwrPnt. Notes)
What does the term "secularism" mean/ refer to? This term means "rejection (or exclusion) of religion or religious considerations". (PwrPnt Notes.)
What does the term "individualism" mean/ refer to? This term means "the idea that each person’s interests are (or should be) supreme." (PwrPnt Notes)
Who was Nathaniel Taylor? He created the new theological doctrine that was consistent with "individualism" during the "2nd Great Awakening". (PwrPnt Notes.)
What were the four (4) goals of the "2nd Great Awakening"? 1.) Create a theology that appealed to Protestants; 2.) Reverse the trend of declining church membership; 3.) Appeal to people living in a new, individual - centered culture; 4.) Stress spiritual equality for men & women. (PwrPnt Notes.)
What were the effects of the "2nd Great Awakening"? 1.) Traditional church organizations broke down & new denominations were created; 2.) All denominations became concerned about church & state relationships (because states no longer sponsored churches, they had to compete for members). (PwrPnt Notes)
What were "Christian Benevolence Movements"? These were voluntary associations that came about during the "2nd Great Awakening". People joined them to "fight common causes". (PwrPnt Notes)
List the names of the 3 leaders of "Christian Benevolence Movements" that we learned about in class. 1.) Susan B. Anthony; 2.) Lucretia Mott; 3.) Elizabeth Cady Stanton. (PwrPnt Notes)
Which two (2) "Benevolence Movement" leaders sought to change voting regulations in the United States (i.e. suffrage)? Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton did this. (PwrPnt Notes.)
What were four (4) positive outcomes of the "Christian Benevolence Movement"? 1.) Helped end slavery; 2.) Ensured equal voting rights in the United States; 3.) Brought about educational reforms; 4.) Brought attention to social problems that otherwise might not have gotten any attention.
What were the three (3) negatives of the "Christian Benevolence Movement" that we learned about in class? 1.) Female reformers experienced discrimination; 2.) Some reformers were victims of violence; 3.) A few reform groups resorted to violence out of frustration.
What does the word "utopia" mean/ refer to? This term means "ideal". It refers to reformist beliefs that a perfect society can be created on Earth & that a particular has the skills/ knowledge to create such a society. (Pg. 321)
List one (1) example of a "utopian society" that we learned about in class. One (1) example of this is New Harmony, Indiana. (Pg. 321)
What does the term "socialism" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "the public ownership of the means of production (such as manufacturing or farming) so that they benefit society rather than produce individual or corporate profits. (Pg. 322)
Who/ what are "lay exhorters"? These are members of a church community who preach but are not ordained ministers. (Pg. 323)
What was the general goal of the "Temperance Movement"? The general goal of this group was to ban the manufacturing and sale of all alcoholic beverages in the United States.
What does the term "irreligious" mean/ refer to? This term refers to hostility or indifference toward religion. (Pg. 326)
What is a "Parochial School"? These are schools that are sponsored by a specific church or religious organization. Liberty Christian is an example of one of these.
What does the term "table" mean as it relates to formal meetings? This term refers to occasions when a legislative body postpones debate on an issue until a positive vote removes the topic or issue from the table. (Pg. 328)
What does the term "gag rule" mean/ refer to as it relates to formal meetings? This term refers to rules that limit or prevent debate on an issue. (Pg. 328)
What are "trade unions"? These are labor organizations whose members work in a specific trade or craft. (Pg. 329)
What does the term "machine politics" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "the aggressive use of influence, favors, & tradeoffs by a political organization, or 'machine', to mobilize support among its followers." (Pg. 332)
What does the term "spoils system" refer to? This term refers to a system in American politics in which the winning political party in an election gives government jobs to its supporters as a reward for working toward victory. (Pg. 332)
What does the term "Specie Circular" mean/ refer to? This term refers to President Andrew Jackson's policy that all government land be paid for in either silver or gold (buying on credit was no longer allowed). "Specie" is simply another word for "coin".
What types of cases do "Probate Courts" hear? These types of courts hear cases related to establishing the validity of wills & administering the estates of people who have passed away. (Pg. 337)
Created by: sticklerpjpII