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Africa Final Test!

Define movement, like “nationalist movement” An organized effort to make something happen/change something.
Define independence. When you rule yourself; freedom from foreign power
3) What was the Pan-African movement? 1. To unite people of African descent, reminding them that they have a common culture and history, so they should work to the same goals. 2. To end European Colonization in Africa (get all African nations their own political freedom.)
4) Are Pan-Africanism and the Pan-African movement the same thing? Yes
5) Who started Pan-Africanism? Young educated Africans
6) When did people first start thinking about Pan-African ideas? Late 1800s, early 1900s
7) When did Pan-African ideas begin to spread across the continent of Africa? 1900s – 1970s
8) How many countries were part of the Pan-African movement? lots of countries
9) Was Pan-Africanism a Nationalist movement? How do you know? It was MULTI-national (because more than one nation supported the same movement
10) What was one really important effect of the Pan-African movement? It encouraged African countries to fight against European powers and END colonization.
11) Did the Pan-African movement ever really end? How do you know? No, the African Union still works to unite Africans toward solving shared problems.
12) What does “people of African descent” mean? Give an example. People that had African ancestors (great, great grandma). They might live in Africa or elsewhere in the world.
13) Where did the people who “were invited” into the movement live? Africans all over the world.
14) Name two African-American authors that supported Pan-Africanism. Langston Hughes & W.E.B. duBois
16) What does “multi-national” mean? Involving more than one nation (more than one country).
17) What was “continental Pan-Africanism”? The Pan-African movement issues that really affected the African CONTINENT. (Mainly, the push to end European rule over African nations.)
18) One goal of the Pan-African movement was to unite all _____ _____. Black Africans
19) Did the Pan-African movement ever want to make all of Africa one big country? No
22) What is the African Union? An organization made of many African countries that work to solve problems shared by all cultures.
23) The African Union was formed during the _____ _____ . Pan-African Movement
24) What does the African Union work to do, even today? The African Union still works to unite Africans toward solving shared problems.
25) The Africans wanted _______ from European Colonialism Independence
1) Define imperialism When a country controls the government of another
2) Define colonialism. When a country claims “colonies” outside of its borders
3) Define colony. Territory outside of a country’s borders, usually used to build wealth for the Colonizing power.
4) Define partition. To divide up territory
5) Define colonized. To claim land as a colony used to benefit the Colonial power.
6) Define conflict. Disagreement between two/more people, groups, or countries.
7) Define ethnic group Group of people that share genetics, culture, language, etc.
8) Define artificial boundaries. Borders that are created by politicians who aren’t thinking about traditional borders, groups, or conflicts.
9) What was the “Scramble for Africa”? When European colonizing powers were hurrying to divide up African territory.
10) What were some results of European partitioning? Ethnic conflict, religious conflict, unstable governments
11) What did Africa have that Europeans wanted? Land, natural resources, population used for slavery
12) How did the Europeans “partition” Africa? Why were these divisions “artificial”? At the Berlin Conference in 1884, European powers divided up territory in Africa. They didn’t think about the Africans who already lived there. They ignored traditional groups and conflicts
13) Did European colonialism cause fighting in Africa? Why? Yes, because Europeans didn’t think about the Africans who already lived there. They ignored traditional groups and conflicts.
14) Which countries had the most territory in Africa? Britain and France
15) Who colonized both Kenya and Nigeria until the 1960s? Britain
16) What word means “to divide territory”? partition
Colonialism or Colonization
18) Competing over the amount of land they owned is an example of: Gold, Gospel, or Glory? Glory
22) Which European power was the 1st to colonize Africa? Portugal
23) What 2 African countries were the ONLY ones never colonized by Europeans? Ethiopia & Liberia
24) What happened at the Berlin Conference in 1884? European colonizing powers partitioned (split up) African territory. These politicians ignored traditional groups, boundaries, and conflicts.
11) This country had a PEACEFUL split from British rule. Nigeria
12) This country had a VIOLENT split from British rule. Kenya
7) Which country gained its independence from Britain in 1960? Nigeria
8) Which country gained its independence from Britain in 1963? Kenya
6) How did nationalism lead to independence in Kenya? Kenya did have a war. The Mau Mau wanted their country to be free so they fought with Britain to gain their independence.
5) How did nationalism lead to independence in Nigeria? Nigeria wanted to have independence so they “fought with words” (using political negotiations, not violent ones) against Britain so that they could be free from them.
1) The Apartheid laws affected which African nation? South Africa
2) This word means “to separate by race or ethnicity.” Segregate
4) When did Apartheid begin? 1948
5) Nelson Mandela won this award in 1993 for helping to end Apartheid. Nobel Peace Prize
6) This group fought for equal rights in South Africa during Apartheid; Nelson Mandela was once their leader. African National Congress
When did Apartheid end? 1993
Created by: averyrcole
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