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Ch. 6 World Power

Alaska Purchased from Russia for 2 cents an scre, for a total of 7.2 million dollars. Important natural resources were fur trade, fishing, timber, and gold. Became the 49th state.
Hawaii Gave the U.S. a presence in the Pacific Ocean and eventually a military base. Became the 50th state.
Annex When a larger country protects and supports a smaller country in exchange fo their coorperation.
Yellow Journalism False or exxaggerated reporting in the news. It sold more papers and gave greater political power.
USS Maine Battleship sent by President William Mckinley in 1898 to Cuba's harbor to protect the lives and property of Americans in Cuba-during Cuba's revolution from Spanish rule.
Spanish-American War Congress declared war on Spain on April 25, 1898. Nearly 1 million Americans volunteered to fight.
Theodore (Teddy) Roosevelt Assistant secretary of the Navy left his job to organize a group of volunteer soldiers to fight.
Rough Riders A group of cowboys, Native Americans, college athletes, and wealthy New Yorkers led by Theodore Roosevelt in the Spanish-American War.
Buffalo Soldiers Units of experienced African American soldiers who got their name from fighting against the Native American on the Great Plains.
San Juan Hill July 1, 1898-American troops defeated the Spanish troops at the Battle of San Juan Hill. The Rough Riders and the buffalo Soldiers joined with other troops there.
August 1898 The U.S. and Spain sign a treaty to end the Spanish-American War.
Isthmus A narrow strip of land that connects two larger areas.
Walter Reed A doctor who discovered that many diseases were carried by mosquitoes and tested his theory on himself.
Three Problems #1 United States had to get control of land for the Panama Canal. Backed by the U.S. Panama gained independence and agreed to let the U.S. build the canal.
Three Problems #2 Diseases such as malaria and yellow fever were in the hot wet areas of Panama. Areas of standing water were drained and the mosquito population went down, so did the cases of disease.
Three Problems #3 Mountains, swamps, and mud of Panama made it hard to dig the canal. John Stevens brought in more workers and improved living condittions for them, built railroads and convinced Roosevelt to use a system of locks to raise and lower ships.
Panama Canal Opened on August 15, 1914. Used for shipping, 50 miles long. Ships could move from one end of the canal to the other in 9 hours instead of having to sail around Cape Horn- a two month trip.
Progressives Reformers who worked to stop unfair practices by businesses and to improve the way government worked.
muckrakers Progressive writers who uncovered what some people saw as "muck" shameful conditions in business and other areas of American life.
Ida Tarbell wrote a series of magazine articles about the Standard Oil Company and the dangers of trusts and monopolies controlling the market, trusts are groups. articles helped convince Roosevelt to be a "trustbuster" and led to the Sherman Antitrust Act.
Trust companies join together to form groups that control whole industries. Monopolies were only one company controlling the market, trusts are groups. Like monopolies, they had the power to push out the competition and drive up the prices.
Upton Sinclair Wrote a novel called The Jungle exposing conditions in the meat-packing industry. Helped convinced Roosevelt to pass the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act.
Blue Laws Laws designed to solve social problems and made it against the law to buy alcoholic drinks on Sunday.
16th Amendment 1913 - started income Tax - tax on money earned from work or investments. Money to be used for reforms and other government projects.
Conservation Protecting something from being destroyed or used up.
John Muir A naturalist and writer had a great impact on conservation. Worked with Roosevelt to establish a national park system.
World War 1 From 1914 - 1919. Called the "war to end all wars".
Nationalism A country's desire to have that country free from control of others.
Central Powers Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire, (Turkey), Bulgaria.
Allied Powers United Kingdom, France, Italy, Belgium, Serbia, U.S., Russia.
Alliance An agreement among nations to defend one another in case of attack.
Isolationism A country prefers to remain neutral (not pick sides) and let other countries handle their own issues.
Woodrow Wilson President during WWI. Formed the 14 Points plan for the armistice agreement and proposal League of Nations.
Eddie Rickenbacker One of the first U.S. fighter pilot to be an "ace".
League of Nations An international organization formed to prevent wars.
Treaty of Versailles Ended WWI. Punished the Central Powers and demanded that Germany pay a large fine and not rebuild its army.
Created by: 00017022R2
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