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ch.6 World Power

Alaska Purchased from Russia for 7.2 million dollars. fur trade fishing, timber, and gold.
Hawaii gave U.S. presence in the Pacific 50th state. became military base
annex when a larger country protects and supports a smaller country in exchange for their cooperation
yellow journalism false or exaggerated reporting in the news just to push papers
USS Maine a ship that blew up then was used as propaganda against the Spanish in the Spanish-American war
Spanish-American War congress declared war on Spain on April 25th over the Caribbean. Established America as a world power
Theodore Roosevelt assistant secretary of the navy left his job to organize a group of volunteer soldiers to fight. He became a national hero and later was elected president of the United States.
Rough Riders a group of cowboys, Native Americans, college athletes and wealthy New Yorkers led by T.T.R in Spanish-American War
Buffalo Soldiers units of experienced African American Soldiers who got their name by fighting against Native Americans on the Great Plains
San Juan Hill July 1, 1898-Americans troops defeated
August 1898 the U.S. and Spain sign a treaty to end the Spanish-American war
isthmus a narrow strip of land that connects two larger areas.
Walter Reed a doctor who discovered that many diseases were carried by mosquitoes and tested his theory on himself
1st Problem P: United States had to get control of land for the Panama Canal S: backed by the U.S. Panama gained independence and agreed to let the U.S. build the canal
2nd Problem P: Diseases such as malaria and yellow fever were in the hot wet areas of panama S: Areas of standing water were drained and the mosquito population went down, so did the cases of disease.
3rd Problem P: Harsh terrain made hard to build the canal. S: More workers were brought in and better systems were put in place.
Panama Canal opened August 15, 1914. turned a two month trip into a nine hour trip.
Progressives reformers who worked to stop unfair practices by businesses and improved the way the government worked.
mucrackers Progressive writers who uncovered what some people saw as "muck", shameful conditions in business and other areas of american life.
Ida Tarbell wrote anti monopoly magazines. Wrote against trusts
Trust Two companies coming together to control a market
Upton Sinclair Wrote a novel called The Jungle exposing conditions in the meat packing industry. Helped convince Roosevelt to pass the meat inspection and Food and Drug act
Blue Laws laws designed to solve social problems and made it illegal to buy alcoholic drinks on Sundays
16th Amendment Set up income tax
Conservation protecting something from being destroyed or used up
John Muir helped set up the national park system with teddy roosevet
World War 1 from 1914-1919. Called the war to end all wars.
Nationalism a love of one's country and a desire to have your country to be free from all others
Central powers Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire, and Bulgaria
Allied Powers United Kingdom, France, Italy, Belgium, Serbia, U.S., Russia
alliance An agreement between countrys to protect one another
Isolationism A country who stays neutral in foreign affairs
Woodrow Wilson President during World War 1
Eddie Rickenbacker one of first american ace pilots
league of Nations an international organization formed to prevent wars
Treaty of Versailles ended WW1. Punished the central powers.
Created by: 00051002R2