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Ch.6 World Power

Social Studies

Alaska Purchased from Russia for 2 cents an acre, for a total of 7.2 million dollars.
Hawaii Was a military base and the 50th state
annex when a larger country protects and supports a smaller country for their cooperation
yellow journalism false or exaggerated reporting in the news. Sold more papers and gave greater political power.
USS Maine Battleship sent by president William McKinley in 1898 to Cuba's Havana harbor to protect the lives and property of Americans in Cuba during Cuba's revolution from Spanish rule.
Spanish American War Congress declared war on Spain on April 25, 1898. Nearly 1 million Americans volunteered to fight. Established the U.S. as a world power.
Theodore Roosevelt Assistant secretary of the Navy left his job to organize a group of volunteer soldiers to fight. Became a national hero and later became a president.
Panama Canal 50 miles long. Ships could move from one end of the canal to the other in 9 hours instead of having to sail around Cape Horn -a two month trip.
Progressives reformers who worked to stop unfair practices by businesses and to improve the way government worked.
muckrakers Progressive writers ho uncovered what some people saw as "muck", shameful conditions in business and other areas of American life.
IDA Tarbell wrote a series of magazines articles about the Standard Oil Company and dangers of monopolies controlling the market.
Trust Companies join together to form groups that control whole industries.They had the power to push out the competition and drive up the prices
Upton Sinclair Wrote a novel called The Jungle exposing conditions in the meat packing conditions.
Blue Laws Laws designed to solve social problems and made it against the law to buy alcoholic drinks on Sundays
Rough Riders a group of cowboys, Native Americans, College athletes, and wealthy New Yorkers led by Theodore Roosevelt in the SAW
Buffalo Soilders units of experienced African American soldiers who got their name from fighting against Native Americans on the Great Plain
San Juan Hill July 1, 1898- American Troops defeated the Spanish Troops at the Battle of San Juan Hill. The roguh Riders and Buffalo Soldiers joined with other troops there.
August 1898 The U.S. and Spain sign a treaty to end the SAW
Isthmus a narrow strip of land that connects two larger areas
Walter Reed a doctor who discovered many diseases were carried by mosquitoes and tested his theory on himself.
Three Problems 1. The U.S. had to get control of land for the Panama Canal. Solution: Backed by the U.S. Panama gained independence and agreed to let the U.S. build the canal.
2. diseases such as malaria and yellow fever were in the hot wet areas of Panama Solution: areas of standing water were drained and the mosquito population went down, so did the cases of disease.
3. Mountains, swamps, and mud of Panama made it hard to dig the canal. Solution: John Stevens brought in more workers and improved living conditions for them, built railroads and convinced Roosevelt to use a system of locks to raise and lower ships.
16th amendment 1913- started income tax - tax on money earned from work or investments.
Conversation protecting something from being destroyed or used up.
John Muir A naturalists and writer who had a great impact on conversation. Worked with Roosevelt to establish a National Park system.
WW1 from 1914 - 1919. Called the "war to end all wars"
Nationalism a love of one's country and desire to have tat country free from control of others.
Central Powers Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire (Turkey), Bulgaria.
Allied Powers UK, France, Italy, Belgium, Serbia, U.S., Russia
Alliance an agreement among nations to defend on another.
isolationism a country prefers to remain neutral (not picked sides) and let other countries handle their own issues.
Woodrow Wilson President during WW1. Formed the 14 points plan for the armistice agreement and proposed the League of Nations
Eddie Rickenbacker. one of the first U.S. fighter pilot to be an "ace"
League of Nations an international organization formed to prevent wars
Treaty of Versailles ended WW1. Punished the Central Powers and demanded that Germany pay a large fine and not rebuild its army.
Created by: 00052558r2