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Ch. 6 World Power

Social Studies

Alaska Was purchased from Russia for 2 cents an acre,for a total of 7.2 million dollars.Many natural importance.It became the 49th state .
Hawii gave the U.S. a presence in the Pacific Ocean and eventually a military base. Became the 50th state
annex When a larger country protects and supports a smaller one in exchange for their cooperation
yellow journalism false or exaggerated reporting in the news. It sold more papers and gave greater political power.
USS Maine battleship sent by President William McKinley in 1898 to protect the lives and property of Americans in Cuba during Cuba's revolution
Spanish-American War Congress declared war on Spain on April 24,1898. Nearly 1 million Americans volunteered to fight
Theodore (Teddy) Roosevelt assistant secretary of the Navy left his job to organize a group of volunteer soldiers to fight. Later was elected president
Rough Riders A group of cowboys, Native Americans college athletes and wealthy New Yorkers led by Teddy Roosevelt in the war
Buffalo Soldiers experienced African American soldiers who got their name from fighting against the NA on the Great Plains
San Juan Hill July 1 1898 American troops defeated the Spanish troops at the Battle of San Juan
August 1898 the U.S. and Spain signed a treaty to end the Spanish-American war
isthmus a narrow strip of land that connects two larger areas
Walter Reed a doctor who discovered that many diseases were carried by mosquito's and tested his theory on himself
Three Problems 1-U.S. had to get control of land for the Panama Canal.2-diseases were in hot areas of Panama 3-swaps and mud of Panama made it hard to dig
Panama Canal opened August 15,1914 it was used for shipping,50 miles long took only 9 hrs instead of 2 months
progressives reformers who worked to stop unfair practices by businesses and to improve how government worked
muckracers Progressive writers who uncovered what some people saw as "muck" shameful conditions in business and other areas of life
Ida Tarbell wrote a series of magazine articles about the Standard Oil Co. and the dangers of trusts and monopolies controlling markets
Trust company's that form together to control whole industries
Upton Sinclair wrote a novel called the jungle exposing conditions in meat packing industry.
Blue Laws laws designed to solve social problems and made it against the law to buy alcoholic drinks on Sundays.
16th amendment 1913-started income Tax-tax on money earned from work or investments. Money to be used to pay for reforms and other government projects
Conservation protecting something from being destroyed
John Muir a naturalist writer who had a great impact on conservation. Worked with Roosevelt to establish a national park system
World War 1 from 1914-1919-Called the ''war to end all wars''
Nationalism a love of ones desire to have that country free from the control of others
Central Powers Germany,Austria-Hungary,Ottoman Empire (turkey) Bulgaria
Allied Powers U.K France Italy Belgium Serbia U.S Russia
alliance an agreement among nations to defend one another in case of an attack
isolationism a country prefers to remain neutral and let other countries handle their own issues
Woodrow Wilson President during WWI Formed 14 points plan for armistice agreement and proposed the League of Nations
Eddie Rickenbacker one of the U.S fighter pilot to be an "ace"
League of Nations an international organization formed to prevent wars
Treaty of Verailles ended WWI. Punished the central powers and demanded that Germany pay a large fine and not rebuild it's army
Created by: 00020297r2



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