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Ch.6 World Power

Alaska Purchased from Russia for two cents an acre, cost 7.2 million dollars. Became the 49th state
Hawaii Military Base, then 50th state
annex when a larger country protects and supports a smaller country for their support
yellow journalism false or exaggerated news. Sold more papers and gave greater political power
USS Maine battleship sent by President William McKinley in 1898 to Cuba's Havana harbor to protect the lives and property of Americans in Cuba during Cuba's revolution from Spanish rule. An explosion destroyed the ship killing 260 Americans.
Spanish-American War Congress declared war on Spain on April 25,1898. Nearly 1 million Americans volunteered to fight. Established the U.S. as world power.
Theodore (Teddy) Roosevelt assistant secretary of the Navy left his job to organize a group of volunteer soldiers to fight. He became a national hero and later was elected President of the United States.
Rough Riders a group of cowboys, Native Americans, college athletes, and wealthy New Yorkers led by Theodore Roosevelt in the Spanish American War
Buffalo Soldiers African Americans who fought Native Americans
San Juan Hill Rough Riders
August 1898 the U.S. and Spain sign a treaty to end the Spanish-American War
isthmus a narrow strip of land that connects two larger areas
Walter Reed a doctor who discovered that many diseases were carried by mosquitoes and tested the theory on himself
Three Problems United States had to get control of land for the Panama Canal, diseases such as malaria and yellow fever were in the hot wet areas of Panama,mountains, swamps, and mud of Panama made it hard to dig the canal
Panama Canal Used for shipping, 50 miles long. Ships could move from one end of the canal to the other in 9 hours instead of having to sail around Cape Horn -a two month trip
Progressives reformers who worked to stop unfair practices by businesses and to improve the way the government worked
muckrakers Progressive writers who uncovered "muck", shameful conditions in business and other areas of American life
Ida Tarbell wrote a series of magazine articles about the Standard Oil Company and the dangers of trusts and monopolies controlling the market. Her articles helped convince Roosevelt to be a "trust-buster" and led to the Sherman Antitrust Act
Trust companies join together to form groups that control whole industries. Group of monopolies
Upton Sinclair wrote a novel called The Jungle exposing conditions in the meat-packing industry. Helped convince Roosevelt to pass the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act.
Blue Laws laws designed to solve social problems and made it against the law to buy alcoholic drinks on Sundays
Created by: 00017812R2



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